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7 Poodle Health Issues: Vet-Approved Signs & Treatment

Written by: Genevieve Dugal

Last Updated on July 16, 2024 by Dogster Team

French white poodle and veterinarian at the clinic

7 Poodle Health Issues: Vet-Approved Signs & Treatment


Dr. Paola Cuevas Photo


Dr. Paola Cuevas

Veterinarian, MVZ

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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The Poodle is one of the most popular dog breeds, partly due to their low-shedding coat and keen intelligence. But this popularity means there are many Poodle owners out there who need to know about common concerns and potential problems associated with these lovable dogs. Poodles come from a long line of hunting dogs (they were originally bred to be water retrievers), and like many breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. While most breeders will screen for these before selling their puppies, you should still be aware of the potential risks associated with this breed. Read on to learn about common health issues with Poodles so you can be adequately prepared if something goes wrong.

Major Conditions

1. Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV)

Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is often known as “bloat.” It is one of the most severe non-traumatic conditions seen in dogs and requires urgent veterinary attention. This life-threatening disorder causes the stomach to twist and trap gas inside.

Though it’s more common in large and deep-chested breeds, Poodles are also at high risk. Fortunately, according to a U.K. study of 70,000 dogs, the survival rate for dogs that undergo surgery after being diagnosed with GDV is around 80%.1

Signs of bloat:
  • Distress
  • Restlessness
  • Pacing
  • Swollen or stiff and distended abdomen
  • Painful abdomen
  • Retching or attempts to vomit with no success
  • Excessive drooling
  • Rapid breathing
  • Collapse


Immediate veterinary attention (within minutes to a few hours) is paramount to saving your dog’s life. The vet must reduce pressure on the stomach wall and internal organs as quickly as possible and stabilize the dog before beginning abdominal surgery.

How to Reduce the Risk of Bloat in Your Poodle:
  • Divide their food into two or more meals a day.
  • Add wet dog food to their diet.
  • Avoid supplementing too much calcium.
  • Avoid exercise after a meal.

Note: Poodles are known for their nervous temperament, which can increase the risk of bloat. Regular exercise, playtime, and a quiet environment can help your dog be more relaxed.

Black Toy Poodle at the vet
Image By: TShaKopy, Shutterstock

2. Addison’s Disease

Addison’s disease (also called hypoadrenocorticism) is an endocrine disorder caused by abnormally low production of hormones by the adrenal glands. These glands are located on top of the kidneys and produce the “stress” hormone called cortisol. Cortisol helps regulate the body’s metabolism, inflammation, blood pressure, and immune system.

Signs of Addison’s disease:
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Recurrent episodes of gastroenteritis
  • Severe weight loss
  • Failure to respond appropriately to stress


There are several different types of treatments that can be used to treat Addison’s disease and regulate the production of normal levels of cortisol. These medications can be taken orally or with an injection. Although there is no cure for Addison’s disease, most dogs with this disorder do well after being diagnosed and live long and happy lives.

3. Sebaceous Adenitis

Sebaceous adenitis is a type of inflammatory skin disease that commonly affects young and middle-aged Poodles. The exact cause of this skin disease is still unknown.

Signs of sebaceous adenitis:
  • Hair loss (alopecia)
  • Itching
  • Foul smell along the hairline
  • Small clumps of tangled hair
  • Bacterial infections on the skin
  • Peeling skin along the head, trunk, and ears of the dog’s body


The treatment administered by the veterinarian will depend on the diagnosis and the stage of the disease. Antibiotic-based shampoos and other antibacterial products may be recommended by your vet as treatments that you can do at home to relieve your Poodle’s symptoms.

closeup Senior Poodle dog butt with blackspot and redness or rash irritation skin problems
Image Credit: 9gifts, Shutterstock

Minor Conditions

4. Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a condition where the kneecaps temporarily slip out of place. It is found more often in Toy Poodles but can also occur in Standard Poodles. This condition will not affect your dog’s life expectancy but can cause pain and discomfort. Without treatment, arthritis and other orthopedic problems can develop and significantly affect your pet’s quality of life.

Signs of patellar luxation:
  • Limping
  • Arched position in the hind limbs
  • Arched lower back
  • Cracking sounds when the knee is bent


Treatment for patellar luxation often involves anti-inflammatory medications, weight loss, and temporary restriction of exercise, depending on the severity of your dog’s condition. Your veterinarian will need to perform a physical exam before establishing an appropriate treatment plan.

5. Eye Conditions

Poodles are particularly prone to hereditary eye diseases, such as cataracts. They are also more likely to develop eye problems from infections due to the shape of their eyes, such as entropion (when the eyelids turn inward and rub against the surface of the eye) and distichiasis (abnormal eyelash growth that can cause irritation). Surgery, eye drops, and antibiotics can help with many of these problems, but it’s essential to catch them early to prevent more severe issues.

Closeup on hand embracing pedigree poodle dog with cataract problem on his eye
Image Credit: ThamKC, Shutterstock

6. Thyroid Issues

Thyroid issues are common in dogs and Poodles are no exception. They’re one of the breeds most affected by hypothyroidism, which is the result of an underactive thyroid gland. Most cases of thyroid disease start in aging dogs but can appear at any time during a dog’s lifetime.

Signs may include hair loss, excessive thirst, weight gain, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you notice any of these signs in your Poodle, make sure to contact your veterinarian right away so they can check the condition of the thyroid gland. Thyroid issues usually are easily treatable with prescribed hormone supplements, but your dog will need to take this medication for the rest of their life.

7. Skin Issues

Another common Poodle issue is skin problems. Poodles have a dense coat of curled hair that is high maintenance, requiring frequent brushing and bathing. In fact, many Poodle owners bathe their dogs once a week or more, which can put them at higher risk for skin conditions, especially if they are using harsh shampoos. Poodles are also more genetically prone to allergies and sensitivities to certain ingredients in shampoos, such as sulfate. These can cause conditions such as atopic dermatitis, which may require medication or even a change in diet. Poodles are prone to skin tumors, such as squamous cell carcinoma (the most common form of skin cancer) and melanoma. These are caused by exposure to UV rays, so it’s important to keep your Poodle out of the sun, especially when they are younger, and to use sunscreen on their skin when outdoors.

toy poodle lying on couch
Image By: CHEVY WAN, Shutterstock

Tips for Keeping Your Poodle Healthy

While it’s hard to know if your Poodle will suffer from any of these health conditions, the best thing that you can do for your dog is to provide them with a healthy, balanced life.


Feed your Poodle a well-balanced diet (divided into at least two meals a day) that provides enough nutrients to keep them healthy. It should include all the moisture and nutrition they need and be easily digestible. You should also limit the number of treats that you give your dog, as these can sometimes lead to overeating.


Poodles are high-energy dogs that require a daily walk or run, plenty of exercise, and playtime. These dogs also need attention and mental stimulation, so they are not the breed to leave alone all day in a crate.

white poodle walking in the park
Image Credit: MVolodymyr, Shutterstock

Regular Visits to the Vet

Make sure they get regular veterinary checkups and have all their shots up to date. After each outing, check your dog for ticks and fleas.


Brush your Poodle regularly, but do not over-bathe them. Keep them away from harsh soaps, shampoos, and other products that can irritate their skin.

Grooming a little dog in a hair salon for dogs. Beautiful white poodle
Image Credit: GuruXOX, Shutterstock

Summing Up

Overall, Poodles are generally healthy dogs with the potential for a long lifespan. However, it is important to be aware of the potential health risks of this breed and to take preventative measures. But keeping your Poodle healthy is much like keeping any dog healthy. You need to feed them a high-quality diet and to take care of their exercise needs. You should also watch your pup’s weight so they don’t become overweight. If you notice that your pet isn’t acting well or is eating less than usual, contact your veterinarian immediately.

If you take good care of your Poodle, they should be able to live a long and happy life.

Related Read:

Featured Image Credit: Baronb, Shutterstock-

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