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15 Scottish Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

Written by: Oliver Jones

Last Updated on April 30, 2024 by Dogster Team

golden retriever

15 Scottish Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

The American Kennel Club recognizes 201 dog breeds, and there are hundreds more waiting to be accepted. It can be challenging to sort through them all without a good system. Many people like to sort them by size, but dividing them by country is another good way, and sometimes it helps to see how the dogs are related.

We’ve created a list of 15 Scottish breeds so you can learn more about the breeds from Scotland. For each entry, we’ve included an image and a short description. We think you will find several breeds that would make great additions to your home.

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Top 15 Scottish Dog Breeds

1. Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Image Credit: Vera Zinkova, Shutterstock
  • Lifespan: 11–13 years
  • Temperament: Affectionate, fun-loving, independent
  • Colors: Grey, brown, silver, tan

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a small dog with a long body and an instantly recognizable topknot of hair on their head. They originally hunted badgers during the 1600s and 1700s. Today, they make fantastic family pets that are affectionate, fun-loving, and independent. They usually stand less than 12 inches tall and weigh about 20 pounds.


2. Bearded Collie

Bearded Collie
Image Credit: No-longer-here, Pixabay
  • Colors: 12–15 years
  • Colors: Active, alert, intelligent
  • Colors: Black, blue, brown, and fawn

The Bearded Collie is a shepherd dog with long hair that often covers their eyes. Children love this breed because of their long hair, and Bearded Collies enjoy playing with kids. They’re energetic and spend much of the day running around, and they are intelligent enough to learn advanced tricks. Bearded Collies are often used by rescue organizations.


3. Gordon Setter

Gordon Setter
Image Credit: Everita Pane, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 12–13 years
  • Colors: Alert, eager, and loyal
  • Colors: Black and tan, red, tan

The Gordon Setter is the largest of all setters and can weigh up to 80 pounds and stand 27 inches tall at the shoulder. They started out hunting birds almost 200 years ago, and today, they make excellent pets. Their alert and eager temperament allow them to excel as watchdogs, and their fearless in defense of their owners. This ancient breed first came to America in 1842.


4. Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terrier
Image Credit: Plotitsyna NiNa, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 11–13 years
  • Colors: Independent, feisty, playful
  • Colors: Black, brindle, red

Several celebrities, including presidents, have owned a Scottish Terrier. They’re also a piece in the original Monopoly board game. They are smaller dogs that rarely weigh more than 25 pounds. Scottish Terriers are playful but can often be stubborn and even feisty. They are fairly independent and are a good choice if you need to spend time away from home.


5. Cairn Terrier

cairn terrier dog
Image Credit: doctarpa, Pixabay
  • Colors: 12–17 years
  • Colors: Fearless, hardy, intelligent
  • Colors: Crème, wheaten, red, grey

The Cairn Terrier is a working dog that used to chase game between the cairns in the Scottish Highlands. They usually stand about a foot tall and weigh about 15 pounds. They have a thick double coat that allows them to withstand cold temperatures. They shed very little, have a long lifespan, can live in small apartments, and don’t require much exercise.


6. Golden Retriever

golden retriever_Shutterstock_Olena Brodetska
Image Credit: Olena Brodetska, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 10–12 years
  • Colors: Obedient, playful, intelligent
  • Colors: Gold

The Golden Retriever is one of the more popular dogs in America. They love water and will jump at any opportunity to go swimming. They also like to drive in the car and enjoy playing with children. Goldens are quite loyal and often live 10–12 years. They stand about 22 inches tall and weigh 70 pounds.


7. Rough Collie

rough collie
Image Credit: Grigorita Ko, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 12–14 years
  • Colors: Gentle, active, friendly
  • Colors: Sable, blue, tricolor

Many people call the Rough Collie a Long-Haired Collie, and they originated in Scotland. They’re rarely aggressive or nervous, and they get along with children and other pets. They also get along with strangers, but they require early socialization. Many people will recognize the Rough Collie as Lassie from the old television show and films.


8. Smooth Collie

Smooth Collie
Image Credit: 905513, Pixabay
  • Colors: 12–15 years
  • Colors: Intelligent, responsive, friendly
  • Colors: red, brown, white

The Smooth Collie is a short-haired version of the Rough Collie. They look different without all of the fur, but they are the same in every other way. They usually stand about 22 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh about 40 pounds. They’re easy to train and can learn a wide range of tricks. Smooth Collies make excellent pets for families because they are very gentle with children.


9. Scottish Deerhound

Scottish Deerhound standing at a beach
Image Credit: Kim Christensen, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 8–10 years
  • Colors: Dignified, friendly, gentle
  • Colors: Grey, brindle, blue-grey

The Scottish Deerhound is a large hound, similar to the Greyhound, but slightly larger with rough fur. This breed often weighs more than 100 pounds and stands about 30 inches at the shoulders. They’re gentle and friendly and enjoy playing with children who often see them as small horses. They often follow their owners around, and you will usually find them at your feet.


10. Skye Terrier

Skye Terrier
Image Credit: Sevostyanaova Tatyana, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 12–15 years
  • Colors: Fearless, friendly, loyal
  • Colors: Black, blue, cream, fawn

The Skye Terrier is a small, long-haired dog on the United Kingdom’s endangered species list. They like to go for long walks and are generally friendly but also fearless. They can easily escalate a fight with another, much larger dog. Their long hair will require regular combing to keep it free of tangles and knots.


11. Bloodhound

bloodhound
Image Credit: Edoma, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 9–11 years
  • Colors: Affectionate, even-tempered, stubborn
  • Colors: Black and tan, liver and tan, red

The Bloodhound is a popular dog that makes a great family pet due to their friendly nature. Many law enforcement agencies also use them to track prisoners and missing people because of their ability to find and track a scent. At home, they can be stubborn, especially if they find an animal scent they want to track. They usually stands a little over 25 inches tall and can weigh well over 100 pounds.


12. Border Terrier

border terrier_Colin Seddon_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Colin Seddon, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 12–15 years
  • Colors: Affectionate, even-tempered, intelligent
  • Colors: Red, grizzle, black and tan, blue and tan

The Border Terrier is a small dog with a rough coat. They’re the 10th most popular breed in the United Kingdom and are popular in America as well. They’re even-tempered and rarely get aggressive toward other people or pets. They make an excellent watchdog, but they don’t bark excessively. Border Terriers are small and rarely grow taller than 12 inches at the shoulders and weigh about 15 pounds.


13. Shetland Sheepdog

Merle Shetland Sheepdog
Image Credit: JackieLou DL, Pixabay
  • Colors: 12–13 years
  • Colors: Intelligent, affectionate, gentle
  • Colors: Black and white, blue and white, white and tan

The Shetland Sheepdog looks similar to the Rough Collie but is much smaller. They’re a clever and vocal dog that is willing to please, so they’re not hard to train. They usually grow up to 12 inches tall and weigh about 20 pounds. Shetland Sheepdogs are available in several colors and have thick fur around the neck. They’re healthy pups that sometimes carry the blue-eyed gene.


14. West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier
Image Credit: anetapics, Shutterstock
  • Colors: 12–17 years
  • Colors: Happy, smart, loyal
  • Colors: White

The West Highland White Terrier is a small dog that is quick to learn and good with children as long as they don’t handle them roughly. Children like their long fur and pointy ears and can sometimes pull on them. Westies are quite healthy and often live more than a dozen years. They are outgoing and get used to strangers quickly.


15. Border Collie

collie_4924546, Pixabay
Image Credit: 4924546, Pixabay
  • Colors: 13–16 years
  • Colors: Intelligent, energetic, alert
  • Colors: Black, red, tricolor

Many lists name the Border Collie as the most intelligent dog breed. They have a distinctive white and black color pattern but can also have red and tri-color patterns. They’re excellent pets for families, but their hearing instincts can cause them to nip at ankles. They aren’t trying to hurt anyone, but the behavior can scare children who aren’t expecting it. Border Collies are medium-sized dogs that weigh about 40 pounds and stand about 20 inches tall at the shoulders.

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Summing Up

As you can see, quite a few popular dog breeds on this list come from Scotland. Many of these breeds make great family pets, including the Bearded Collie, Golden Retriever, and Border Collie. The only breed that will be difficult to find is the Skye Terrier, whose numbers are falling, causing the United Kingdom to list them as endangered.

We hope you enjoyed reading this list and found a few canines you want to own. If we have helped you choose your next pet, please share these 15 Scottish dog breeds on Facebook and Twitter.


Featured Image Credit: youngryand, Shutterstock

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