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Red Doberman: Facts, Pictures, Origin & History

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on June 19, 2024 by Dogster Team

A red Doberman Pinscher dog with natural uncropped ears standing outdoors

Red Doberman: Facts, Pictures, Origin & History

Breed Overview


24–28 inches


60–80 pounds


10–12 years


Black, blue, brown, fawn, red

Suitable for:

Active families, those with larger living areas


Loyal and loving, easy to train, territorial

With their long legs and muscular physique, Dobermans are one of the most visually striking dogs you’ll ever see. Red Dobermans may not be as common as the black version of these pups, but they certainly make an impression. In this article, we’ll cover the history and origin of the red Doberman. You’ll also learn some interesting facts about the breed and details of what it’s like to have one as a pet.

Doberman Pinscher Characteristics

High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.

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The Earliest Records of Red Doberman in History

The first Dobermans were bred in Germany in the latter half of the 19th century. A tax collector named Louis Dobermann, who was also interested in dog breeding, was responsible for the breed’s development. He wanted to create an intimidating guard dog to travel with him for protection.

Mr. Dobermann combined breeds like the Rottweiler, German Pinscher, Black-and-tan Terrier, Weimaraner, and others to breed the earliest Dobermans. The first Dobermans were probably the more widely known black-coated variety, and we don’t know precisely when the first red Dobermans were born. However, as one of four officially recognized coat colors, red Dobermans have most likely existed since the beginning of the breed’s creation.

beautiful German Doberman Pincher red color, for a walk in the park
Image Credit: Tatyana Kuznetsova, Shutterstock

How Red Doberman Gained Popularity

Red Dobermans quickly gained popularity as versatile working dogs. After Dobermann’s death, another German businessman founded the first Doberman club and established a breed standard. His Doberman breeding kennel exported many dogs out of Germany and helped spread the breed’s popularity worldwide.

In America, the Dobermans’ popularity grew slowly but steadily through the early part of the 20th century. They were primarily used as working dogs by the police and military, which limited their numbers. However, after World War II, when Dobermans served bravely with U.S. Marines, their popularity surged, and they remain in the country’s top 20 most registered breeds.

Formal Recognition of Red Doberman

Red Dobermans first appeared in dog shows soon after their development in the late 19th century. They were first formally recognized as a separate breed in 1900. The American Kennel Club (AKC) registered its first Dobermans in 1908. The first Doberman won best in show at the Westminster Kennel Club in 1939, soon before the breed became well-known for their military heroism.

The first Doberman Club in America was founded in 1921 and was dedicated to continuing the quality of the breed. In 1952 and 1953, Dobermans were back-to-back Westminster winners, further increasing the breed’s popularity. Currently, the Doberman ranks 15th in popularity out of 200 species formally recognized by the AKC.

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Top 4 Unique Facts About Red Doberman

1. Red Dobermans Are One of Four Official Coat Colors

According to the AKC breed standard, red (technically red and rust) is one of the four Doberman coat colors permitted in the show ring. The others are black, blue, and fawn, all with rust-colored markings on their legs, belly, and face. Black-and-rust Dobermans are the most common, but red Dobermans generally come in second.

2. Red Dobermans Are War Heroes

We’ve mentioned their war service already, but Dobermans of all colors are associated with the U.S. Marine Corp. During the Battle of Guam, one of the most well-known conflicts of World War II, Doberman war dogs suffered heavy losses alongside their human service members. Twenty-five Dobermans were killed during this battle. A statue of a Doberman is featured at the War Dog Cemetery in Guam.

red and rust doberman pinscher dog in the mountain
Image Credit: Rayemond, Pixabay

3. Red Dobermans Can Do It All

As you might expect from a dog bred to work, red Dobermans are athletic and energetic dogs. We’ve already mentioned some of the jobs this breed has held, but you’ll also find them performing search and rescue work and as guide dogs. They excel in canine sports such as agility, protection, obedience, tracking, and flyball.

4. Red Dobermans Have Some Health Issues

Like all breed members, Red Dobermans are impacted by breed-specific inherited health issues. They are prone to a heart condition called dilated cardiomyopathy and a blood disorder called von Willebrand’s Disease. Wobbler’s syndrome, a spinal condition, is also common in Dobermans.

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Does the Red Doberman Make a Good Pet?

Despite their history as a guard and protection animal, red Dobermans also make excellent pets, but they are best suited to more experienced dog owners. Dobermans are naturally suspicious of strangers, and their owners must commit to diligent socialization and training from a young age to help them learn to be good citizens. A well-socialized Doberman should be gentle and affectionate with their family. They don’t always get along with other pets, but socialization and gradual introductions can familiarize the dog with other animals.

Red Dobermans are intelligent and energetic dogs that need plenty of daily exercise and make good running and hiking partners. Positive and consistent training methods are most effective for this breed. They can be stubborn, and inexperienced dog owners shouldn’t be afraid to seek professional assistance to ensure their Doberman is a calm, well-trained pet.

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If you’re intrigued by what you just read and consider welcoming a red Doberman into your family, choose your breeder carefully. With several inherited health conditions common in Dobermans, look for a breeder who performs all recommended health screenings and is transparent about the medical history of their dogs.

Despite these health issues, Dobermans tend to have longer lifespans for a large breed. Make sure you’re prepared to commit the time and money necessary to ensure your red Doberman enjoys a long, happy, and healthy life with your family.

Featured Image Credit: Mary Swift, Shutterstock

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