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Canaan: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Written by: Dogster Team

Last Updated on February 13, 2024 by Dogster Team

Canaan: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 40 – 55 pounds
  • Height: 20 – 24 inches

The Look of a Canaan Dog

Canaan Dogs have sturdy, medium-sized, square-built frames covered in straight, flat, harsh coats that usually come in solids or combinations of black, brown, sandy or liver colors. They have wedge-shaped heads with tapered muzzles, dark almond-shaped eyes and triangular ears that point straight up. Their arched necks lead down to deep chests, straight legs with round, cat-like feet and bushy tails that curl over the back. Overall, the Canaan Dog has a handsome and vigilant look.


  • Versatile
  • Gentle
  • Outdoorsy
  • Reserved
  • Protective
  • Smart as a whip

Ideal Human Companion

  • Active singles
  • Experienced dog handlers
  • Families with older children
  • Ranchers and farmers

What They Are Like to Live With

Gentle and sweet around the house, tough and resilient in the field, the Canaan Dog is adaptable to almost any situation. It is intelligent and easy to train, learning rules and commands quickly. In fact, they learn so quickly that repetitive training tends to bore them. Warm and affectionate with family members, the Canaan Dog may be wary of strangers. With proper training and socialization, however, this dog can be an all-around pal with everyone. The Canaan Dog has a nose for danger, however, proving to be an exceptional watchdog. It’s also an outstanding competitor in obedience and agility trials.

Things You Should Know

Canaan Dogs can live as long as 15 years with relatively few genetic health problems. Grooming the Canaan Dog is relatively simple. Brush its thick double coat and bathe it when necessary. You might want to brush them more frequently during spring and fall shedding seasons—outdoors, if possible.

Being natural-born workers, Canaan Dogs appreciate lots of fresh air, exercise and “tasks” to keep them busy. They will be happy living in apartments as long as they get daily jogs and walks.

Canaan Dog History

The Canaan Dog originated in Israel more than 4,000 years ago. Used to guard flocks and herds, the breed became wild and nomadic after the Romans scattered the Israelites. In the 1930s, modern dog breeders discovered Canaan Dogs living and working with the Bedouins. These dogs turned out to be remarkably unchanged, adaptable, intelligent and trainable.

Featured Image Credit: Canaan Dog by Shutterstock.

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