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How To Train a Pomeranian: 10 Vet-Approved Tips

Written by: Beth Crane

Last Updated on April 9, 2024 by Dogster Team

woman training pomeranian

How To Train a Pomeranian: 10 Vet-Approved Tips


Dr. Paola Cuevas Photo


Dr. Paola Cuevas

Veterinarian, MVZ

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

Pomeranians are a popular, peppy toy breed that became more famous by being associated with their star-studded owners. Celebs and royalty love them, but the outgoing Pom can join any family home as long as they are well-trained. Pomeranian training is much the same as training for any other dog, but there are some special considerations you can’t afford to miss! Take a look below to learn 10 great training tips to help your pretty Pomeranian.

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The 10 Tips on How To Train a Pomeranian

1. Set Your Goals

Before you even begin to train your Pomeranian, you must have a clear path and goals. What do you hope to achieve with training? Are you looking to house train, or do you want a master of obedience classes? Knowing what you want to do and having a “road map” of training can help you and your Pom achieve your goals.

Starting off small, such as learning basic commands like “sit,” can boost your Pomeranian’s confidence and tell you a lot about what motivates them in training. Once these short commands are mastered, you’ll better understand how your Pomeranian reacts to learning.

They’ll also know what’s expected of them, and you can continue to the next step of your training plan. Of course, it doesn’t have to be planned out with absolute precision, but even a general plan to guide you is better than none at all!

pomeranian_BLACK17BG, Pixabay
Image By: BLACK17BG, Pixabay

2. Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is using pleasurable rewards to reinforce behavior or actions in your dog. For example, if you ask your Pomeranian to sit and they do, giving them a treat and lots of praise would be positive reinforcement. The opposite is punishment, which uses a negative action or stimuli to achieve the same goal.

For example, activating a shock collar on a Pom that won’t stop barking is a punishment. Never use punishments to train a Pom. All this will do is serve to make your Pomeranian scared of you. Studies have shown that it can increase aggression and is less effective than positive reinforcement.

3. Be Patient and Consistent

Consistency is vital if you want your Pomeranian to pick up training quickly, and it can prevent frustration on both sides. Using the same commands in the same tone of voice is essential, as dogs can only understand so much. For example, if you’re using “here” as a command to get your Pom to come back to you one day, don’t be surprised they don’t listen if you change it to “come” the next!

Patience and consistency also apply to different family members, as each person should consistently apply the command to specific situations and actions to allow your Pom to connect the dots. Patience is also important; consistency can significantly increase the speed of training, but some dogs will need a little longer to understand what you want them to do than others.

Remember that all training will take time, and giving in to frustration can make it less enjoyable for both of you. Gentle guidance and understanding can help keep your Pomeranian confident and engaged in training, enabling you both to get the most out of your session. It’ll also make it a lot more enjoyable!

man trains little pomeranian
Image By: Gorodenkoff, Shutterstock

4. Find the Right Rewards

Each dog is different, and your Pomeranian will have specific motivators in training that will have more of an “impact” than others. Rewards should be something your dog loves, which can be given quickly, so they can reinforce the behavior you’re trying to teach.

For example, a tasty treat is a perfect reward if your dog is food-motivated. Likewise, if your Pomeranian loves a particular toy, giving it to them when they perform desired behavior is ideal. Finding your Pom’s motivator 1 will drive them to want to succeed, and high-value items like favored treats and toys can help hold focus.

5. Remember Their Size

Pomeranians are toy dogs. They only weigh between 3 and 7 pounds and can get hurt easily when engaging in activities that a bigger dog might do with ease. But try telling that to a Pomeranian! Poms love to get involved and are energetic and adventurous, so you’ll have to be the voice of reason during their training.

Poms can easily damage joints and break bones by jumping off beds and couches. Use your discretion, but don’t think for a minute that your Pom will shy away from any training you wish to do with them!

Happy white Pomeranian running in a park in Singapore
Image By: Tam and Trace Photography, Shutterstock

6. Work Training Into a Routine

Dogs thrive on routine, and training is no different. It’s much easier to manage expectations when your Pomeranian knows what comes next, and it’ll be easier for you to commit to the time to train. Doing even a small amount of daily training with your Pomeranian will help solidify commands in their mind, build the bond between you, build trust (on both sides), prevent boredom, and keep your Pom’s mind sharp.

Even older Pomeranians will benefit from daily training, particularly training exercises that engage their minds. Training doesn’t need to be a long process; small training sessions are perfect to fit into even the busiest lifestyles.

7. Practice, Practice, Practice

Your Pomeranian needs to learn the command word, understand the behavior or action you want/don’t want them to do, and has to link the two together. This, like any skill, takes practice! Some dogs will quickly pick up new commands and only need a few weeks of repetition here and there to master the cue.

Others will need a lot longer. With practice comes mastery, and it’s fun for your dog to show off how well they’ve performed. However, don’t repeat the command back-to-back if your dog isn’t responding. It only works if they can perform the task after one command is given.

woman training a pomeranian
Image By: rock-the-stock, Shutterstock

8. Don’t Be Afraid to Go Back a Step

Your Pom may respond to a command one day and ignore it the next day. This is called training regression, and it’s very common. Don’t be afraid to take your Pomeranian’s training back a step and go back to the basics.

Reasons for training regression include:
  • Generalized commands
  • Inconsistent training
  • Not enough training with a specific command

9. Understand What Your Pom is Telling You

If we want our dogs to understand us, we should try to understand them. We know that dogs use body language, facial expressions, vocalizations, and actions to convey wants and emotions. In training, this can help you and your Pom and recognize when something is going well or not so well.

Training can elicit positive emotions, such as excitement and pleasure; it can also be emotionally taxing for your Pom if it isn’t going well. Knowing what these look like and interpreting your Pomeranian’s body language can help you understand when to push with training and when to leave it.

A fun example of how the meanings of canine communication and behavior can deviate from our own is yawning; dogs might yawn when they are bored but they also yawn when stressed or anxious. Owners can yawn to their dogs to help calm them down, and their dogs may yawn back. Yawns are contagious, after all!

pomeranian on the floor yawning
Image By: Fayzulin Serg, Shutterstock

10. Have Fun!

Lastly, ensure training sessions are fun, no matter which commands or cues you’re practicing. Pomeranians will often match your energy, so you’ll have to watch them and look for signs of fatigue or boredom to end the session before it stops being fun. By making training something your Pom looks forward to, you’re providing an extra motivator to perform well and increasing your bond.


Training your Pomeranian will take time, perseverance, and praise, but it should be fun. Poms are intelligent dogs who adore their owners, and using our tips will ensure you both have a great time learning new commands, tricks, and ways of enjoying life together. Remember to go slow, be patient and consistent, be positive, and don’t sweat the small stuff but celebrate the little wins. You’ll have your Pomeranian perfectly trained in no time!

Featured Image Credit: Gorodenkoff, Shutterstock

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