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How Long Will It Take for Dogs to Mate? Mating Process & Considerations

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on April 5, 2024 by Dogster Team

How Long Will It Take for Dogs to Mate? Mating Process & Considerations

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REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Tabitha Henson

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The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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If you are breeding your dog for the first time, you may have some questions about the breeding process. Fortunately, dogs usually know what they need to do.

How long will it take for dogs to mate? Once the actual act of mating occurs, it only takes 10 to 60 minutes. If you’re breeding for the first time, however, you may need to spend some time introducing the dogs and encouraging the mating process.

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The 3 Steps of the Dog Mating Process

1. The Courtship

A female that wants to mate will display her sexual desire by urinating frequently and roaming to find a desirable male. The dogs will become playful and active with each other, and the male might nuzzle her neck and ears and sniff her vulva. If she finds the male suitable, she will position herself and move her tail to the side. She is letting him know it is okay to mount her.

dog sniffing ready to mate
Image Credit: High Simple, Shutterstock

2. Initiation

After mounting the female successfully, the male will secure the female and begin pelvic thrusts. Once the penis is in the vagina, the copulatory tie joins the dogs together. The male will then stop thrusting and ejaculate. After the tie, the dogs will separate, and the sperm will remain in the female dog.

two sheepdog mating
Image Credit: atiger, Shutterstock

3. The Copulatory Tie

Mating dogs can remain stuck together for as little as 5 minutes to up to 30 minutes. It depends on the breed and the dog. If the stud gets panicked, the anxiety will cause the tie to take longer. If he remains calm, it will be over quickly.

In rare instances, mating dogs can stay tied together for up to an hour. Most ties last 10 to 20 minutes with the average being 13 to 14 minutes.

In order for the dogs to separate, the bulbus glandis must return to its normal size. This will occur after the male releases his sperm in the female dog.

The tie can be painful for female virgins and inexperienced males. If it is the first or second time for a male, it can be painful. The new experience, bulb swelling, may cause anxiety for the dog. His penis will be too big to come out, and he will feel pain.

It is important to note that you should never try to separate dogs in a mating tie. Doing so will cause pain to both the male and female.

Male,And,Female,Pomeranian_curraheeshutter, Shutterstock
Image Credit: curraheeshutter, Shutterstock

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Breeding Responsibly

Responsible breeders love what they do. It can be both challenging and exciting and requires total devotion. If you want to breed purebreds, be prepared to spend time and money and dedicate yourself to improving the breed, not just breeding because you have “cute” intact dogs.

Also, consider if you want to contribute to overpopulation. Many shelters are overrun, especially after COVID-19, and unwanted dogs may be euthanized. Mixed breeds may be popular with pet owners, but most are not recognized by the AKC.

Consider how you will market the puppies and how you will find good homes for them. Breeders and shelters have screening processes, which take more resources. Unfortunately, many puppies and young dogs end up in shelters because owners enjoy the novelty of a puppy, but don’t want it when they move, have a baby, when the puppy gets bigger, or when problems arise like chewing or failed housetraining.

You also have to pay for veterinary care, health screenings, and other expenses to ensure the health of the parents and puppies. With some breeds, genetic testing is necessary to safeguard against congenital conditions that can affect the puppy’s health.

If you choose not to breed, it’s best to get your dog spayed or neutered. Thousands of dogs are in need of adoption, and there are plenty of breeders (both reputable and not). All service dogs are fixed as well.

breeder-and-owner-holding-the-miniature-schnauzer-dog
Image Credit: Budimir Jevtic, Shutterstock

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Final Thoughts

Dog breeding can be as simple as “nature taking its course,” or it can be an expensive and involved process. Once the male and female dogs are prepared, the actual mating process can happen quickly. Be sure to consider if you’re ready for the time, effort, and expense of breeding or choose to spay or neuter your dog to prevent unwanted litters.

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Featured Image Credit: Sigma_S, Shutterstock

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