Appenzell Mountain Dogs have muscular, medium-sized frames covered in short, glossy coats that are usually black or Havana brown and white with rust-colored patches between the black/brown and white. They have broad, flat heads with tapered muzzles, hanging ears, and small, dark eyes. Their thick tails are usually curled over the back.
Some herding dogs can be independent and reserved, but the Appenzell Mountain Dog has a lively, outgoing personality. Loving and affectionate with family members, it is also very intelligent and adaptable. With the proper introductions, it gets along with other pets and children. The Appenzell Mountain Dog can be slightly watchful around strangers, and it tends to bond with its owner or trainer. Overall, it is a high-energy, hardworking breed that truly appreciates working in wide-open spaces.
The Appenzell Mountain Dog can live as long as 12 years with relatively few health issues. Grooming is simple—just brush and bathe occasionally. Being an active and tireless working breed, the Appenzell Mountain Dog needs room to run and acreage to explore. Even a large fenced yard might make it feel confined. No matter the location, the Appenzell Mountain Dog needs long walks every day to stay in shape.
One of four Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Appenzell Mountain Dog (a.k.a. Appenzeller Sennenhund) was first classified in the 19th century. However, this breed is believed to descend from Bronze Age working dogs. It has been used by generations of Swiss farmers for herding sheep, pulling carts, guarding property and providing companionship.