Our dogs experience allergies differently than we do. Rather than sneezing, they tend to express allergic reactions through persistent itchy skin. Excessive scratching can cause dogs to develop sores, exposing them to needless infection. So, is Benadryl safe for dogs? Can Benadryl for dogs help with allergies and other minor canine health issues?
First, what is Benadryl?
Is Benadryl safe for dogs? First, let’s look at what Benadryl is. Giving dogs Benadryl, like any human medication, can be a dicey proposition. While it is among the most commonly prescribed over-the-counter medicines that veterinarians recommend for dogs, it is not without its risks.
The active ingredient in regular-strength Benadryl is diphenhydramine. Note the modifier, “regular-strength,” since, as we know, there are always a range of additional ingredients in common meds that help with a range of other human ailments. Even normal Benadryl can have unexpected benefits for dogs, and is used to treat a number of issues. These include:
- Environmental allergies
- Insect stings and parasite bites
- Motion sickness
So, the answer to, “Is Benadryl safe for dogs?” really depends. Let’s look at dog health conditions that Benadryl may help with and ways it can be administered — after consulting with your vet.
Is Benadryl safe for dogs with allergies?
When you hear “environmental allergies,” you may think of pollen, dust or mold, things typically found in both our indoor and outdoor environs that trigger allergic reactions. We express these through sneezing, watery eyes, and other responses we associate with our respiratory system.
Dogs can react to the same stimuli, but in radically different ways. Atopic dermatitis is their most frequent allergic reaction, and involves scratching that starts at the head before encompassing the whole body. Depending on the severity of a dog’s allergies, cortisone is far more effective than Benadryl for dogs. Benadryl isn’t the only form of diphenhydramine, though, and your vet can recommend better ones for these sorts of allergic reactions.
Can you use Benadryl to treat insect stings and parasite bites?
Dog allergies also include adverse reactions to bites and stings. An upset bee or wasp, or a particularly vicious flea bite on your dog’s body can provoke similar scratching.
So, is Benadryl safe for dogs — who have gotten bitten or stung? Treating these kinds of dog allergies with Benadryl is a far more reliable use of the drug. The dog’s skin may reveal more in these cases than their responses to environmental allergies. You may notice swelling in particular, along with a rising skin temperature.
If swelling and a rising skin temperature is something you recognize in your dog and you can also pinpoint the origin of a bite or sting, then it might be safe to administer the correct dosage of Benadryl to your dog — after consulting with your vet.
“If a dog is stung by a bee or bitten by another insect Benadryl, or its generic equivalent diphenhydramine, is safe to give at a dose of about 1 milligram per pound of body weight up to every eight hours,” says Dr. Ben J. Carter, a veterinarian-and-owner at the Animal House Veterinary Center in Delray Beach, Florida.
“For example, if a dog weighs 50 pounds, he or she can safely be given 50mg (2 tablets). Most Benadryl are 25mg, but check the packaging to be sure,” Dr. Carter advises.
In the event that your pet is experiencing a severe or “acute” allergic reaction, one signified by facial swelling and difficulty breathing, it is best to forgo home remedies. Instead, take your dog straight to the veterinarian so that a professional can access the situation and decide on treatment accordingly.
Is Benadryl safe for dogs with anxiety?
Dogs experience and express anxiety in any number of scenarios, from separation anxiety to adversely reacting to meeting new people and dogs. Whether it’s protracted noises from construction, thunderstorms or fireworks displays, or the restriction of movement that comes with being put in a crate when guests arrive, some dogs have extreme reactions to anxiety.
The answer to, “Is Benadryl safe for dogs with anxiety?” depends. One of Benadryl’s more interesting, as well as risky, off-label uses, is as a very mild sedative in dogs. Certain drugs that are capable of quickly moving from the blood into the brain, like Benadryl’s active ingredient diphenhydramine, have calming, even mildly sedative properties. Because it can pass into the brain so rapidly, usually taking effect within 30 minutes after ingestion, Benadryl’s fast-acting nature might be useful to treat occasional and anticipated episodes of anxiousness.
Is Benadryl safe for dogs experiencing motion sickness?
As a sedative, another major off-label usage for Benadryl is for dogs who can be counted on to experience motion sickness, whether by land, sea or air, during infrequent travel. When a long trip is planned and the dog is along for the ride, motion sickness can cause some dogs a great deal of stress. Canine reactions can range from restlessness to barking, and from vomiting to defecation.
If thundershirts, music or restricting a dog’s line of sight have proven ineffective in the past, ask your veterinarian if Benadryl might make your dog sufficiently drowsy to endure a long voyage. Keep in mind that, as with other sedative medications, there may be lingering effects once the trip is concluded. There may be disorientation and continued grogginess, which is one reason any human medication you employ with your dog should be under veterinary supervision and used very rarely.
Can you give Benadryl to dogs who are hyper?
Diphenhydramine may have a wide safety margin, but it’s worth repeating the scientific name to remind ourselves that it is still a powerful and fast-acting drug that should not be used casually. By that, we mean that it is not recommended if your dog is barking late at night or otherwise bothering you and you just want them to settle down. Yes, Benadryl can make your dog drowsy and sleepy, but it is not intended to be used on a regular basis as a dog tranquilizer. Regular and consistent exercise is a much more effective and drug-free method for soothing an overactive dog.
Benadryl dosage for dogs
After answering, “Is Benadryl safe for dogs?” the next most obvious question is, “How much Benadryl is safe for dogs?”
Aside from the multiple formulas — regular strength, extra strength, or any other variation which may include additional, less-safe active ingredients — Benadryl is available in a number of formats. From ingestibles, including pills, tablets, gel caps and liquid varieties, there are also infant and children’s versions, and topical creams that have diphenhydramine as their active ingredient. The type, strength and formula can all make a difference, and have a distinct impact on a dog. Always consult with your dog’s veterinarian before giving a dog any kind of human medication.
Every piece written by canine health specialists and veterinarians on the internet agrees with a very basic dosage standard for dogs. The most thorough treatment of Benadryl dosage by format that we consulted addresses each format and provides warnings and cautions for each. The rule of thumb for regular-strength Benadryl, where diphenhydramine is the only active ingredient is 1mg per 1lb of body weight. That is only a rule of thumb, not an infallible nor universal guideline. Naturally, a Chihuahua, a Pug or a Yorkie will need less than a Bulldog or a Great Dane.
Be aware, if your dog is suffering from an allergic reaction to something, it may take a few days for whatever is causing the reaction to work its way through your dog’s body. Speak with your veterinarian about how long to give your dog Benadryl. Dogster’s Executive Editor Melissa Kauffman came home one night to find half of her dog’s face swollen. “We immediately took Tampa Bay to the emergency vet,” she says,”as there was swelling around the throat and I wasn’t sure if it was effecting his airways. The emergency veterinarian couldn’t find the cause but prescribed one 25 mg tablet for our 26-pound dog every 12 hours. When I followed up with my regular veterinarian, he told me it could take a few days for whatever caused the issue to work through Tampa’s body and to continue giving Tampa the Benadryl. And that was true. It took about three days for the swelling and itching to completely subside.”
Side effects of Benadryl for dogs
So, is Benadryl safe for dogs? It depends and you should always consult with your vet when it comes to Benadryl for dogs. It is important to remember that this family of human over-the-counter medications, while frequently recommended by vets, is not FDA-approved as a medicine for dogs, per se. Sleepiness is one side effect you know of; it may surprise you to learn that another is excitability and an increased heart rate.
“The most adverse effects seen [after treating a dog with Benadryl], include lethargy and dry mouth with vomiting and diarrhea being a possibility,” says Dr. Carter. “There are mostly self-limiting. If using Benadryl, it is always a good idea to consult with your established veterinarian, as sometimes other methods of treatment may prove to be more efficacious.”
Other side effects of Benadryl for dogs include increased drooling, panting and depression. They are rare, but there have also been reported and documented instances of dogs who have fatally overdosed on diphenhydramine, especially when its ingested with other chemicals. Take care of your dogs, and always seek veterinary advice before administering any OTC product to them.
Featured photograph: Chalabala | iStock / Getty Images Plus.
Originally published in 2017.
Read Next: My Dog Ate Ibuprofen: Now What
24 thoughts on “Is Benadryl Safe for Dogs? What to Know About Benadryl for Dogs”
Pingback: Ant Bites on Dogs: How to Recognize and Treat | Daily Dog Stuff
Pingback: Dog Anxiety Benadryl – Dog Anxiety Symptoms
Pingback: Bee Products Have a Special Meaning for Dogs – Whole Dog Journal
Pingback: Was Your Cat Stung by a Wasp, Bee, Snake or Spider? What to Do | Cat Central
Pingback: Was Your Cat Stung by a Wasp, Bee, Snake or Spider? What to Do – Philly Bulletin
Pingback: Used to be Your Cat Stung by means of a Wasp, Bee, Snake or Spider? What to Do | My Cat Guide
My vet recommended Children’s Benadryl for my 11 lb Pom. I keep a small bottle on hand and it works well for him. The vet gave me the amount to give him. I have used it for about 4 years now and only when he starts scratching from allergies. Within 1 day of giving it to him, he stops. I give him the least amount possible and for the least amount of time too.
To bill pickersgill…..please let us read your documentation on why you think Benadryl is 1. Not good for dogs and 2. That dogs can’t metabolize it. I am curious that you don’t show us any validation particularly after reading a article showing us some of the benefits. This article stresses to use caution when taking. Caution should be used when suggesting “natural herbs” since there is little regulation. Not saying NOT to use them I just would like to see your documentation.
Yes me too, our cavalier just got stung by bee and as we are in lockdown and in vulnerable category we really worry about going to vet it’s 8.30pm. I’d like to try Benadryl but you worried me with your comment. Can you back up Info please,
My vet said I should put my dogs on pepcid since they often will wake up and not want to eat all day. I will usually give a little cola syrup or pepto which resolves the problem and they are back to eating by evening. And It never happens that both dogs have stomach issues at the same time making it a mystery.
Pingback: Is Benadryl Safe for Dogs? What to Know About Benadryl for Dogs | MyDoggyTips
question. Last eve my “Shade” acted like he was drunk.. I almost believe he had something like a seizure. Anyone know about this and if so what can you tell me about curing or at least preventing further symptoms?
Hi there Bill,
Thanks for reaching out! You might find this article helpful on dog seizures:
We suggest taking your dog to the vet to be examined by a professional.
Why not just administer CBD oil for the symptoms (with the exception of maybe insect bites/stings, which present their own set of problems) listed in the article? I would certainly go for a non-synthetic drug before I’d dose my dog with synthetic drugs meant for humans!
I am so with you! CBD oil has been a great natural remedy for my pup actually. I always try to use natural products first. Then if my little guy absolutely needs it, I use synthetic drugs!
Here is a great article about CBD btw – https://getnaturaljoy.com/pages/what-is-cbd
No Benadryl cannot be used on dogs period . Dogs cannot metabolize synthetic drugs . The drugs has terrible side effects even for people let alone dogs . There are natural remedies like Herbs without side effects .
No benedril cannot be used on dogs , period . It’s a terrible drug . Dogs cannot metabolize drugs period . There are herbs you can use without the side effects .
Can you recommend any herbal treatment for insect bites
Hi there Francis,
We think you might find this article on healing herbs for dogs beneficial:
Not do I have a little shihzu and they have a lot of problems with allergies and running eyes and reverse snezzing. When it get’s bad especially in the summer My vet told me to cut a 25mg. in half and it help’s her a lot NO ILL EFFECT’S
Get children’s it is only 25 mg my two poms have been on it for years no problem, and it really helps. With all there issues.
I don’t agree. I have a yorkie that has allergies that affect his breathing and I’ve been giving him a half a benydryl for over a year and his vet knows about it. It’s been effective and he’s been fine. So yes as long as you mention it to your vet it’s safe to use.