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Pomeranian vs Maltese: Key Differences Explained (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on July 4, 2024 by Dogster Team

Pomeranian vs Maltese

Pomeranian vs Maltese: Key Differences Explained (With Pictures)

Choosing between a Pomeranian and a Maltese requires more than selecting the cutest dog. It’s about understanding each breed’s characteristics, temperaments, and needs and deciding which aligns best with your lifestyle, preferences, and living conditions.

Both breeds have their charm, uniqueness, and appeal. They also share similarities in size, weight, and lifespan. However, their personalities and needs differ, which can significantly influence your choice. Below, we’ll discuss the enchanting world of the Pomeranian and Maltese to find out which is the ideal pet for you.

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Visual Differences

Pomeranian vs Maltese - Visual Differences
Image Credit: Left – Anna Gorina, Shutterstock | Right – dole777, Unsplash

At a Glance

  • Average height (adult): 8–11 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 4.2–7.7 pounds
  • Lifespan: 12–16 years
  • Exercise: 40–80 minutes a day
  • Grooming needs: High
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Generally
  • Trainability: Intelligent but requires patience to train, eager to learn
  • Average height (adult): 8–10 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 2–8 pounds
  • Lifespan: 12–15 years
  • Exercise: 30–60 minutes hours a day
  • Grooming needs: Moderate
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Generally
  • Trainability: Intelligent, easy to train, eager to please


Pomeranian Overview

A small pomeranian puppy sable color is lying on a pillow
Image by: Varvara Serebrova, Shutterstock


If you’ve ever been around a Pomeranian, you’re familiar with their energetic nature. It’s all part of the personality that makes up this small, energetic breed. Pomeranians, affectionately known as Poms, pack a lot of personality into their small frames.

They are known for their bold, outgoing nature. Despite their small stature, they are assertive and aren’t afraid to make their presence known. However, Poms are also intelligent and curious, and they are quick learners always ready for a mental challenge. It’s their love for learning that makes them excellent participants in dog competitions.

Moreover, their friendly and sociable nature makes them ideal for families. They typically get along with children and other pets, provided they are adequately socialized. However, due to their small size, interactions with young children should be supervised to prevent accidental injuries.


When it comes to training, Poms are pretty accommodating. Their intelligence, combined with an innate desire to please their owners, makes them quick learners. They can quickly pick up commands and tricks, making them a joy to train. However, potty training can be a challenge.

Poms can also be independent and stubborn, so using consistent, positive reinforcement training methods is important. They respond well to treats and praise, so reward their good behavior as they progress during training sessions. Pomeranians can be sensitive, so harsh training methods are not recommended.

Family of Four Having fun Playing with Cute Little Pomeranian Dog In the Backyard. Father, Mother, Son Pet Fluffy Smart Puppy, teach and train it Commands. Sunny Summer Day in Idyllic Suburban House
Image by: Gorodenkoff, Shutterstock

Health & Care

Pomeranians are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are vulnerable to some health conditions. Due to their small mouths, dental issues are a common problem in Poms. Regular teeth cleaning can help prevent dental diseases. They can also be prone to tracheal collapse, a condition that affects their breathing, and skin problems.

Regular vet check-ups are necessary to monitor their health and catch potential issues early. A balanced diet is also important to keep them healthy and maintain their lush coats.


Breeding Pomeranians requires knowledge and experience. Pom puppies are incredibly tiny and require careful handling to prevent injuries. The mother’s health should be a top priority, and she should be screened for genetic diseases that can be passed on to the puppies.

It’s essential to consult a vet and a professional breeder before breeding Pomeranians. They can provide valuable guidance on the best practices to ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and the puppies.

Image by: APIWICH PUDSUMRAN, Shutterstock

Suitable For:

Pomeranians are versatile dogs that can adapt to various living situations. They are suitable for families, singles, and seniors as long as they provide ample attention and care. They do well in apartments and houses and don’t require much space as long as they have a safe area to play and explore.

  • Intelligent and easy to train
  • Sociable and gets along well with families and other pets
  • Adaptable to various living situations
  • Can be a bit stubborn
  • Require regular grooming due to their thick coat
  • May be too fragile for families with very young children

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Maltese Overview

maltese puppy looking back
Image by: Petra, Pixabay


If the word “endearing” had a canine embodiment, it would be the Maltese. They are known for their affectionate nature and charming demeanor. They are gentle yet lively and always willing to be the life of the party. Although Maltese dogs are small, they are fearless and have a personality that far exceeds their size. They can be outgoing and adventurous, displaying a zest for life that’s infectious.

When it comes to their family, Maltese dogs are incredibly friendly and loyal. They form strong bonds with their humans and love spending time with them. However, they can be somewhat reserved or cautious around strangers. This trait makes them good watchdogs, but they require training and socialization to prevent excessive barking.


With their lively and energetic nature, Maltese dogs require around an hour of daily exercise. They enjoy several activities, from brisk walks to playing fetch in the yard. Their agility and intelligence also make them good candidates for dog sports like obedience and agility trials.

Regular exercise is not just about physical health for Maltese; it also keeps them mentally stimulated and happy. A well-exercised Maltese is a well-behaved Maltese, so ensure they get their daily dose of activity.

maltese dog walking with owner at the park
Image by: artellliii72, Pixabay


Maltese dogs are clever and quick to learn but have a stubborn streak. This characteristic might present some challenges during training. However, they can be trained effectively with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.

It’s important to start training early and to make the sessions fun and rewarding for them. Socialization from a young age is also crucial for a well-rounded, well-behaved Maltese.

Health & Care

Maltese dogs are generally a healthy breed, but they have some breed-specific health concerns. The most notable are hypothyroidism and knee joint problems like luxating patella. Regular veterinary check-ups can detect and manage these conditions early.

One distinctive characteristic of the Maltese breed is their gorgeous, long, white coat. Regular grooming is essential to keep their coat in good condition and to prevent matting and skin problems.

Veterinarian Doctor Examining a Maltese
Image by: Brian A Jackson, Shutterstock


Breeding Maltese dogs is a task that should not be taken lightly. It requires a thorough understanding of the breed, particularly concerning their unique needs related to their size and coat. If you’re considering breeding Maltese dogs, it’s highly advisable to seek professional advice to ensure the health and well-being of the puppies and the mother.

Suitable For:

Maltese dogs are an excellent choice for individuals or families who can provide plenty of attention and love. They thrive in environments where they are included in daily activities and have a chance to burn off their energy. They adapt well to both apartment living and larger homes as long as they have enough space to play and stay active.

  • Lively and energetic, bringing life to any home
  • Loyal and affectionate toward their family
  • Good watchdogs due to their alert nature
  • Might be snappy toward small children
  • Can be stubborn at times
  • Heavy barkers


Comparing the Pomeranian and Maltese

Observing the similarities and differences beyond the surface level is vital when comparing the Pomeranian and the Maltese. Though both breeds are small in size, they have unique attributes that set them apart.

With their bold and lively nature, Pomeranians have an assertive streak that makes them seem larger than they are. They are intelligent, outgoing, and have an air of curiosity that makes them incredibly engaging. They can be easier to train due to their eagerness to please their owners and quickly pick up on new commands.

On the other hand, Maltese dogs, while equally engaging, are gentler and endearing. They carry an affectionate and playful personality that often makes them the favorite in a crowd. The Maltese are lively and spirited, ready for a game or adventure. However, they can be more stubborn during training, requiring more patience and a consistent approach.

Ultimately, both breeds have unique pros and cons, and the choice between a Pomeranian and a Maltese largely depends on personal preferences, lifestyle, and the kind of canine companion one is looking for.


Which Breed Is Right for You?

Choosing between a Pomeranian and a Maltese largely depends on your preferences and lifestyle. Both breeds make excellent companions and bring unique characteristics to the table. A Pomeranian may be a good fit if you prefer a dog with a bold and outgoing personality and one that is relatively easy to train.

However, if you’re looking for an energetic and playful dog and you don’t mind a little stubbornness during training, a Maltese might be the better choice. Ultimately, whichever breed you choose, both Pomeranians and Maltese offer love, companionship, and plenty of joy to their human families.

See Also:

Featured Image Credit: Top – ignartonosbg, Pixabay | Bottom – Muffin Creatives, Pexels

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