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Pomeranian vs Maltese: Key Differences Explained (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on April 9, 2024 by Dogster Team

Pomeranian vs Maltese

Pomeranian vs Maltese: Key Differences Explained (With Pictures)

Choosing between a Pomeranian and a Maltese isn’t just picking the fluffiest or the most adorable. It’s about understanding each breed’s characteristics, temperaments, and needs and deciding which aligns best with your lifestyle, preferences, and living conditions.

Both breeds have their own charm, uniqueness, and appeal. They also share similarities in size, weight, and lifespan. However, their personalities and needs differ— factors that can significantly influence your choice. Let’s delve deeper into the enchanting world of Pomeranians and Maltese to find out which one could be your perfect match.


Visual Differences

Pomeranian vs Maltese - Visual Differences
Image Credit: Left – Anna Gorina, Shutterstock | Right – dole777, Unsplash

At a Glance

  • Average height (adult): 8–11 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 4.2–7.7 pounds
  • Lifespan: 12–16 years
  • Exercise: 40–80 minutes a day
  • Grooming needs: High
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Generally
  • Trainability: Intelligent but requires patience to train, eager to learn
  • Average height (adult): 8–10 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 2–8 pounds
  • Lifespan: 12–15 years
  • Exercise: 30–60 minutes hours a day
  • Grooming needs: Moderate
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Generally
  • Trainability: Intelligent, easy to train, eager to please


Pomeranian Overview

A small pomeranian puppy sable color is lying on a pillow
Image by: Varvara Serebrova, Shutterstock

Personality / Character

If you’ve ever been around a Pomeranian, you know this is a breed that doesn’t do calm. It’s all part of the personality that makes up this small, energetic breed. Pomeranians, affectionately known as Poms, pack a lot of personality into their small frames.

These dogs are known for their bold, outgoing nature. Despite their small stature, they are assertive and aren’t afraid to make their presence known. Poms are famous for their intelligence and curiosity. They are quick learners and are always ready for a mental challenge. And it’s this love for learning that makes them excellent participants in dog competitions.

Moreover, their friendly and sociable nature makes them a great choice for families. They typically get along with children and other pets, provided they are socialized properly. However, due to their small size, interactions with young children should be supervised to prevent any accidental harm.


When it comes to training, Poms are quite accommodating. Their intelligence, combined with an innate desire to please their owners, makes them quick learners. They can pick up commands and tricks quickly, making them a joy to train. That said, potty training can be a challenge.

Poms can also be independent and a bit stubborn, so it’s important to use consistent, positive reinforcement training methods. They respond well to treats and praise, so reward their good behavior and progress during training sessions. This breed can be sensitive, so harsh training methods are not recommended.

Family of Four Having fun Playing with Cute Little Pomeranian Dog In the Backyard. Father, Mother, Son Pet Fluffy Smart Puppy, teach and train it Commands. Sunny Summer Day in Idyllic Suburban House
Image by: Gorodenkoff, Shutterstock

Health & Care

Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed, but like all dog breeds, they can be prone to certain health conditions. Dental issues are a common problem in Poms due to their small mouths. Regular teeth cleaning can help prevent dental diseases. They can also be prone to tracheal collapse, a condition that affects their breathing, and certain skin problems.

Regular vet check-ups are necessary to monitor their health and catch any potential issues early. A balanced diet is also important to keep them healthy and maintain their lush coats.


Breeding Pomeranians requires knowledge and experience. Pom puppies are incredibly tiny and require careful handling to prevent injuries. The mother’s health should be a top priority, and she should be screened for any genetic diseases that could be passed on to the puppies.

It’s essential to consult with a vet or a professional breeder before breeding Pomeranians. They can provide valuable guidance on the best practices to ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and the puppies.

Image by: APIWICH PUDSUMRAN, Shutterstock

Suitable For:

Pomeranians are versatile dogs that can adapt to various living situations. They are suitable for families, singles, and seniors as long as they can provide the dog with ample attention and care.

They do well in apartments and houses alike, and they don’t require a lot of space as long as they have a safe area to play and explore.

  • Intelligent and easy to train
  • Sociable and gets along well with families and other pets
  • Adaptable to various living situations
  • Can be a bit stubborn
  • Requires regular grooming due to their thick coat
  • May be too fragile for families with very young children

divider-dog paw

Maltese Overview

maltese puppy looking back
Image by: Petra, Pixabay

Personality / Character

If the word “endearing” had a canine embodiment, it would be the Maltese. This breed is known for its affectionate nature and charming demeanor. They are gentle yet lively, always ready to play or be the life of the party.

Although Maltese dogs are small, they are fearless, with a personality that far exceeds their size. These dogs can be quite outgoing and adventurous, displaying a zest for life that’s infectious.

When it comes to their family, Maltese dogs are incredibly friendly and loyal. They form strong bonds with their humans and love spending time with them. However, they can be somewhat reserved or cautious around strangers. This trait makes them good watchdogs, always alert and ready to protect their home.


With their lively and energetic nature, Maltese dogs require a good amount of exercise. They enjoy a variety of activities, from brisk walks to playing fetch in the yard. Their agility and intelligence also make them good candidates for dog sports like obedience and agility trials.

Regular exercise is not just about physical health for Maltese; it also helps keep them mentally stimulated and happy. A well-exercised Maltese is a well-behaved Maltese, so ensure they get their daily dose of activity.

maltese dog walking with owner at the park
Image by: artellliii72, Pixabay


Maltese dogs are clever and quick to learn, but they have a stubborn streak. This characteristic might present some challenges during training. However, they can be trained effectively with patience, consistency, and a dose of positive reinforcement.

It’s important to start training early and to make the sessions fun and rewarding for them. Socialization from a young age is also crucial for a well-rounded, well-behaved Maltese.

Health & Care

Maltese dogs are generally a healthy breed, but they do have some breed-specific health concerns. The most notable are hypothyroidism and knee joint problems like luxating patella. Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect and manage these conditions early.

One distinctive characteristic of the Maltese breed is their gorgeous, long, white coat. Regular grooming is essential to keep their coat in good condition and to prevent matting and skin problems.

Veterinarian Doctor Examining a Maltese
Image by: Brian A Jackson, Shutterstock


Breeding Maltese dogs is a task that should not be taken lightly. It requires a thorough understanding of the breed, particularly concerning their unique needs related to their size and coat. If you’re considering breeding Maltese dogs, it’s highly advisable to seek professional advice to ensure the health and well-being of the puppies and the mother.

Suitable For:

Maltese dogs are an excellent choice for individuals or families who can provide plenty of attention and love. They thrive in environments where they are included in daily activities and have a chance to burn off their energy. They adapt well to both apartment living and larger homes as long as they have enough space to play and stay active.

  • Lively and energetic, bringing life to any home
  • Loyal and affectionate toward their family
  • Good watchdogs due to their alert nature
  • Might be snappy toward small children
  • Can be stubborn at times
  • Heavy barkers


Comparing the Pomeranian and Maltese

When comparing the Pomeranian and the Maltese, observing the similarities and differences beyond the surface level is interesting. Though both breeds are small in size, they carry their own unique attributes that set them apart.

With their bold and lively nature, Pomeranians have an assertive streak that makes them seem larger than they are. They are intelligent, outgoing, and have an air of curiosity that makes them incredibly engaging. They can be easier to train due to their eagerness to please their owners and quickly pick up on new commands.

On the other hand, Maltese dogs, while equally engaging, are gentler and endearing. They carry an affectionate and playful personality that often makes them the favorite in a crowd. The Maltese are lively and spirited, ready for a game or adventure. However, they can be more stubborn during training, requiring more patience and a consistent approach.

In the end, both breeds have their unique pros and cons, and the choice between a Pomeranian and a Maltese largely depends on personal preferences, lifestyle, and the kind of canine companion one is looking for.


Which Breed Is Right for You?

Choosing between a Pomeranian and a Maltese largely depends on your preferences and lifestyle. Both breeds make excellent companions and bring unique characteristics to the table. A Pomeranian may be a good fit if you prefer a dog with a bold and outgoing personality and one that is relatively easy to train.

However, if you’re looking for an energetic and playful dog and you don’t mind a little stubbornness during training, a Maltese might be the better choice. Ultimately, whichever breed you choose, both Pomeranians and Maltese offer love, companionship, and plenty of joy to their human families.

See Also:

Featured Image Credit: Top – ignartonosbg, Pixabay | Bottom – Muffin Creatives, Pexels

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