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5 Mexican Dog Breeds: Chihuahua, Xolo & More (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on May 16, 2024 by Dogster Team

chinwa japanese chin chihuahua mix

5 Mexican Dog Breeds: Chihuahua, Xolo & More (With Pictures)

When you think about Mexico, the first things that come to mind are usually the sandy beaches, strong tequila, and fresh avocados. But there is something else that this unique country also gives the rest of the world. While there aren’t as many native Mexican dog breeds as there are for Germany or France, these five scrappy breeds have no issue with being in the spotlight and are often the life of the party—or rather, fiesta!

The 5 Mexican Dog Breeds

1. Xoloitzcuintli

Image Credit: TatyanaPanova, Shutterstock
  • Temperament: Calm, loyal, alert
  • Height: 10–14 inches
  • Weight: 10–15 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 13–18 years

If you are having a hard time pronouncing this lengthy name (show-low-itz-QUEENT-ly), do as the natives do and call them Xolo (show-low) for short. The Xolo is a Mexican hairless dog, even though some have fur on their heads that resemble mohawks. A significant benefit of this breed is that their lack of fur means they are considered hypoallergenic and can make the perfect pet for someone with allergies or who simply hates shedding.

The Xolo breed is highly intelligent and graceful and was once known as the dog of ancient Aztec gods. They aren’t as popular today as Chihuahuas, but don’t overlook them! They can fit the vastly different needs of individual pet owners.

This Mexican breed comes in three sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. All are relatively small, but they make up for their size with big personalities. Xolos are affectionate toward their owners and are always on alert so they can protect their pack. Like a lot of other dog breeds, they enjoy activity and may become destructive without it. This makes them the ideal playmates for children, who can wear them out so they come inside and easily relax at the end of each day.

2. Chihuahua

chihuahua dog posing on a beach
Image Credit: Lesia Kapinosova, Shutterstock
  • Temperament: Sassy, graceful
  • Height: 5–8 inches
  • Weight: 6 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 14–16 years

The Chihuahua is probably the most well-known Mexican breed in the world. This dog is known for their sass and spunkiness, and they bring a lot of personality into any family they’re joining.

Chihuahuas are toy-sized and usually weigh less than 6 pounds. Their fur color varies, and you can find them in white, black, chocolate, fawn, gold, cream, or a mix of these. While there are both long- and short-haired types, you may be surprised to know that there are also hairless versions. Each is unique in looks, but any can make the perfect little lap dog for fanciers who enjoy a lengthy cuddle session.

The temperament of Chihuahuas is as unique as their coats. Some are fierce and loud, while others are more timid and quiet. One quality that remains the same is that they are amazingly loyal, and their love for their humans never wavers. Due to their small size and minimal maintenance, you might consider getting a Chihuahua if you live in an urban environment or small apartment.

3. Chinese Crested

Chinese Crested Dog white_Piqsels
Image Credit: Piqsels
  • Temperament: Affectionate, lively, alert
  • Height: 11–13 inches
  • Weight: 8–12 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 13–18 years

How is it possible that a dog with “Chinese” in their name is a Mexican dog breed? It may be hard to believe, but the Chinese Crested was developed from Mexican hairless dogs and then imported to China, where their breeding continued.

The only hair they have is the long, silky fur on their heads, tails, and feet. Their minimal hair makes them the best of both worlds for someone who enjoys the benefits of hairless dogs while still having some fur to pet.

Chinese Cresteds are some of the most affectionate toy breeds out there. They are genuine homebodies that love to be pampered and played with. If you have a family and other pets, you might consider getting this breed. They are not aggressive or territorial and get along great with other dogs and cats. Some people shy away from this dog because of their appearance, but they’re missing out on one of the kindest and most affectionate breeds in the world.

4. Mexican Wolfdog

  • Temperament: Loyal, stable
  • Height: 22–29 inches
  • Weight: 50–90 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-18 years

Out of the five Mexican breeds, the Mexican Wolfdog, also called the Calupoh, is one of the rarest. They are a crossbreed of wild wolves and a variety of domestic dogs. Since they are derived from wolves, many people find them perfect for providing a sense of security. These dogs enjoy having jobs and are often used as sheepdogs and cattle dogs, but they make great companions too.

Mexican Wolfdogs are incredibly agile and strong. Their long legs and muscular bodies give them endurance, and they require a lot of exercise and a yard to run around in. Despite their wild DNA, these dogs have stable temperaments and are relatively easy to train and handle.

Like wolves, these dogs are loyal to their pack and will be equally devoted to your family. If you’re looking for a confident guard dog, this is definitely one to consider.

5. Mexican Pitbull

  • Temperament: Confident, friendly, watchful
  • Height: 14 inches
  • Weight: 25–40 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 13–15 years

The last Mexican breed on our list is the Mexican Pitbull, or the Chamuco. This breed is also extremely rare and nearly extinct. These dogs closely resemble American Pits but were created from crossbreeding American and Mexican bulldogs, Staffordshire Terriers, and Pit Bull Terriers.

The true shame about this breed is that they aren’t popular house pets because they were traditionally bred for underground dog-fighting despite their extremely friendly and confident nature. Those that do become house pets are amazingly gentle and playful with children and only get aggressive when they aren’t adequately socialized.

Problems That Mexican Dog Breeds Are Facing

Despite these breeds making thousands of families happy, many of them in Mexico are facing enormous threats. Mexico’s dog population is around 23 million, with 70% of them living on the streets. Due to the large number of homeless dogs, many are captured and killed every day. Those that are lucky enough to remain free don’t have access to basic care to help keep them hydrated, fed, and disease-free.

The living conditions for animals in Mexico often give them a bad rep. Mexican dog breeds make some of the best pets you could ask for and are as deserving of warm, loving homes as any of the more popular breeds. If you’re thinking of bringing home one of these dogs, always do your research to ensure they come from reputable breeders.


The culture of Mexico can enhance our lives in many different ways, and these five dog breeds are no exception. It’s important for a dog lover to know all the breeds the world has to offer. You never know which ones are going to fit perfectly into your lifestyle and become a permanent part of your home.

Featured Image Credit: studio hoto, Shutterstock

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