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English Shepherd vs. Border Collie: The Differences (With Images)

Written by: Jeff Weishaupt

Last Updated on May 7, 2024 by Dogster Team

English Shepherd vs. Border Collie

English Shepherd vs. Border Collie: The Differences (With Images)

If you’re looking for an intelligent working dog, you might be considering the English Shepherd and Border Collie breeds. Both of these breeds are highly regarded for their herding abilities and intelligence, but there are a few key differences to consider before you make a decision.

The English Shepherd and Border Collie are similar in size and temperament. So, they’re both very active and have moderate grooming needs. However, the Border Collie has an intense herding drive and singular focus. Meanwhile, the English Shepherd is often considered more versatile and adaptable. They’re often used as livestock guardians for their strong protective instincts.

Ultimately, the choice between these two breeds depends on your lifestyle and specific needs. Keep reading to learn everything about these breeds and find the best fit for your home.


Visual Differences

English Shepherd vs Border Collie - Visual Differences
Image By: Left – Mayukh__karmakaR, Pixabay | Right – TheOtherKev, Pixabay

At a Glance

English Shepherd
  • Average height (adult): 18 to 23 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 40 to 65 pounds
  • Lifespan: 15 years
  • Exercise: 1 hour a day
  • Grooming needs: Moderate
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Yes
  • Trainability: Easily trainable
Border Collie
  • Average height (adult): 18 to 22 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 30 to 35 pounds
  • Lifespan: 10 to 17 years
  • Exercise: 2 hours a day
  • Grooming needs: Moderate
  • Family-friendly: Yes
  • Other pet-friendly: Yes, but may try to herd other pets
  • Trainability: Highly trainable


English Shepherd Overview

english shepherd puppy playing in the snow
Image By: Ariel Celeste Photography, Shutterstock

The English Shepherd has a long history of working alongside humans. It originated in the 18th-century UK and was brought to the United States by early settlers. They were originally bred for their versatile herding abilities, as they could work with various livestock.

These dogs descended from the shepherding dogs of the British Isles. The English Shepherd’s ancestors are believed to include the Border Collie, Welsh Sheepdog, and English Cattle Dog. It also includes working breeds like the Collie and Mastiff.

Throughout history, English Shepherds have also been guard dogs and hunting companions. Their intelligence and loyalty have made them popular among farmers and homesteaders. Families have also adored them as loyal and protective companions.

Over time, the English Shepherd has become more popular as a companion animal than a working dog. Yet, many breeders continue to preserve the breed’s working abilities. Today, the English Shepherd is beloved for its intelligence, loyalty, and versatility.

Personality / Character

The English Shepherd has an intelligent and loyal nature. It’s a great family companion and a skilled working dog for farmers and ranchers. They’re also adaptable and versatile, able to adapt to different types of terrain.

English Shepherds have strong protective instincts, making them excellent guard dogs. But they also have a gentle and affectionate side with their families. Plus, they’re easy to train and eager to please.

These active dogs need physical and mental stimulation to prevent boredom. They’re great with children and other pets if socialized properly. Still, their herding instincts may cause nipping behavior towards other animals or children.

Overall, English Shepherds have loyal, intelligent, and versatile personalities.

Image By: Jennifer-McCallum, shutterstock


Training an English Shepherd requires a consistent and structured approach. They’re highly intelligent and respond best to positive reinforcement methods. Begin training as early on to establish good habits and prevent bad behaviors.

Socialization is important for English Shepherds to prevent herding instincts from becoming problematic. They’re easy to train and very eager to please. So, be sure to use plenty of positive reinforcement to encourage good behavior.

These dogs excel in obedience training, agility, and herding competitions. You must also provide enough exercise and mental stimulation to keep them engaged.

As with any breed, consistency is key when training an English Shepherd. Ensure all family members are on the same page with commands and expectations. With patience and consistency, your English Shepherd can be a skilled and obedient companion.

Health & Care

English Shepherds are generally a healthy breed. But like all breeds, they may be prone to some health conditions. Some include hip dysplasia, eye problems, allergies, and epilepsy.

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition causing arthritis and pain in the hip joints. It may require surgery or medication to manage. Eye problems like retinal atrophy and cataracts can cause vision loss or blindness.

Allergies and epilepsy may also call for medication or special diets to manage. To prevent such issues in English Shepherds, maintain a healthy diet and routine. Choose a reliable breeder who performs health screenings to reduce such conditions.

English shepherd_Jennifer McCallum, Shutterstock
Image By: Jennifer McCallum, Shutterstock


The ideal diet for an English Shepherd meets their nutritional needs and supports their active lifestyle. These dogs need a balanced diet of protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates. A high-quality, commercial dog food for active dogs checks all these boxes.

Look for a food that includes a high-quality source of protein, such as chicken or lamb, as the first ingredient. You must track portion sizes and adjust the amount of food based on the dog’s activity level and weight. Treats should be given in moderation and not exceed 10% of the dog’s daily calorie intake.

Fresh fruits and vegetables can also be a healthy addition to an English Shepherd’s diet, but avoiding foods toxic to dogs, such as grapes, raisins, and onions is crucial.

Suitable For:

English Shepherds are suitable for those who need an intelligent, active, and loyal companion. They’re particularly well-suited for people who have an active lifestyle. Such owners can provide them with the exercise and mental stimulation they need.

They’re also great for people who live in rural or suburban areas with plenty of outdoor space to run and play. English Shepherds are natural herders who thrive with livestock and other animals. So, they’re definitely a good choice for people with farms or ranches.

They’re also great with children because of their loyal and protective nature. They can be a watchful and gentle companion for their family, but they do need early socialization to ensure safe interaction with children.

  • Highly intelligent and trainable
  • Versatile and adaptable to various roles
  • Loyal and protective of their family
  • Excellent with children and other pets
  • Moderate grooming needs
  • High energy levels
  • Herding behavior toward other pets and children
  • Destructive without enough attention and exercise
  • Strong protective instincts

divider-dog paw

Border Collie Overview

border collie puppy lying on grass
Image By: stevelancaster, Pixabay

The Border Collie originated in the Scottish-English border region in the 19th century. They were first bred to herd sheep in the region’s rugged terrain.

The ancestors of Border Collies include various herding breeds. That includes the Welsh Sheepdog, Scottish Collie, and the Old English Sheepdog. The breed was further developed in the Scottish borders.

The breeding practices of shepherds in the region greatly influenced the breed’s development. They prized dogs with high energy, intelligence, and a strong work ethic. As a result, the Border Collie has intense focus, work drive, and fast learning skills.

Over time, the Border Collie’s reputation as a working dog has made it a popular choice for various roles. That includes search and rescue, agility competitions, and as a companion animal.

Despite its popularity, the breed’s abilities and instincts have remained preserved. Many Border Collies continue to work on farms and ranches around the world.

Personality / Character

The Border Collie has high energy levels, intelligence, and drive to work. They also have a commendable work ethic and excel at obedience and agility training.

These dogs are highly trainable and eager to please. But they also need regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior. They can also work with various livestock and adapt to different types of terrain.

Their temperament is loyal and affectionate with their families, but a lack of training can lead to herding behavior toward other pets or children. These dogs are focused and intense, with a strong desire to work and please their handlers.

Overall, the Border Collie can make a great companion for anyone who fulfills their mental and physical stimulation needs.

Cute boy hugs his border collie on the road
Image By: encierro, Shutterstock


Border Collies are intelligent and trainable dogs that need a structured approach to training. Early socialization is important to prevent any unwanted behaviors from developing. It also encourages good behavior around other people and animals.

Border Collies excel in obedience training, agility, and herding competitions. So, you must provide them with plenty of mental stimulation and physical exercise. They thrive on having a task to do and can become bored and destructive without enough exercise.

Their high energy levels and intense focus demands regular exercise and mental stimulation. This can include activities such as long walks, runs, and games of fetch.

Positive reinforcement methods like treats and praise are effective in training Border Collies. These dogs are very eager to please and respond best to positive feedback.

Health & Care

Border Collies can be prone to certain health conditions. Collie eye anomaly is particularly common among this breed. It’s a genetic condition in the eye’s development, leading to vision loss or blindness. Breeders must screen their dogs for this condition to eliminate any risk of passing it on to their pups.

Border Collies are also prone to epilepsy, a neurological disorder that causes seizures. Epilepsy can be managed with medication and therapy. Still, consult your vet to determine the best course of treatment.

Border Collies may also be prone to certain joint problems. That includes elbow dysplasia and luxating patella. These conditions can cause pain and mobility issues and need surgical intervention.

woman looking at border collie dog while having vet check up
Image By: Tyler Olson, Shutterstock


Commercial dog food can provide a balanced diet for Border Collies. Still, choose a high-quality, grain-free formula with real meat as the first ingredient. This will ensure they receive the required protein and healthy fats to support their active lifestyle.

Supplementing their diet with fresh fruits and vegetables is also a great idea. For example, adding sweet potatoes, carrots, and leafy greens can provide important nutrients. That includes vitamin A, vitamin C, and fiber.

You must ensure your Border Collie is getting enough water. So, always keep a clean, fresh bowl of water available. You may consider adding wet food to their diet to help them stay hydrated.

Lastly, consult your vet to determine the best diet for your Border Collie based on its health history.

Suitable For:

Border Collies are suitable for owners with an active lifestyle. They are energetic and intelligent dogs that need lots of physical and mental stimulation to prevent boredom.

They’re particularly well-suited for outdoor activities like hiking, running, and playing fetch. Border Collies excel in sports like agility and flyball. Plus, they’re great at herding and obedience trials.

Due to their high energy, they aren’t suitable for people with a sedentary lifestyle. They need plenty of room to run and play, and regular exercise is a must to keep them healthy and happy.

Border Collies are great with older children who keep up with their energy levels. They’re also generally good with other pets. Still, early socialization and training are necessary to ensure appropriate behavior.

  • Highly intelligent and trainable
  • Excellent herding ability and work drive
  • Excel in obedience and agility training
  • Loyal and affectionate with their family
  • Moderate grooming needs
  • High energy levels
  • Destructive without enough attention and exercise
  • Herding behavior toward other pets and children
  • Prone to separation anxiety
  • Requires more socialization and training than other breeds


Which Breed Is Right for You?

You must consider your lifestyle and needs when choosing between the English Shepherd and Border Collie breeds. Both breeds are highly intelligent and active. Still, some key differences may make one breed a better fit for you than the rest.

The Border Collie may be best suited for you if you’re looking for a dog focused on herding with a strong work drive. They’re known for their high energy, obedience, and agility. But the English Shepherd may be a better fit if you need a more versatile dog as a loyal and protective companion. They’re adaptable and excel in various roles, including livestock guardian and family companion.

Both breeds need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation to thrive. They also have moderate grooming needs. Plus, they’re generally friendly with other pets and children.

Ultimately, the choice between the English Shepherd and Border Collie will come down to preference. Whichever breed you choose will make excellent companions for the right owner.

Related Reads:

Featured Image Credit: Top – Ariel Celeste Photography, Shutterstock | Bottom – BIGANDT.COM, Shutterstock

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