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Beauceron Dog Breed: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Written by: Lorre Luther

Last Updated on July 8, 2024 by Dogster Team

bauceron dog outdoors by the sea

Beauceron Dog Breed: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Beaucerons are loving, large, loyal, and excellent companions. They’re athletic, energetic, and always up for fun activities like hiking and jogging. Beaucerons have a working dog heritage but are smart and generally easy to train. They’re best suited for experienced dog owners due to their size, energy, intelligence, curiosity, and independent nature.

Breed Overview


24 – 27 ½ inches


70 – 110 pounds


10 – 12 years


Black and tan, gray/black and tan, black and rust, harlequin

Suitable for:

Experienced dog owners looking for a large, loving companion


Observant and incredibly loyal, energetic and active

Beaucerons are large dogs that were initially bred to herd sheep in France. They’re incredibly intelligent and often work with military and police teams and serve as search and rescue dogs.

Beaucerons started becoming popular in France during the 1960s, but it took a while for interest in the breed to ignite in other parts of the world. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized Beaucerons in 2007, and according to the organization’s numbers, they were the 111th most popular breed in 2022.

Beauceron Characteristics

High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.

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Beauceron Puppies

Beauceron puppies are very energetic but generally well-behaved, particularly when getting enough physical activity and playtime. Puppies benefit from early training, and most can start learning basic commands such as come and sit when they’re about 8 weeks old or so.

Because Beaucerons can be protective and have strong prey drives, early training and socialization are essential. They’re rare outside of France, so it can be challenging to locate puppies.

There aren’t many breeders working with the dogs, so be prepared to do some legwork to find a puppy. Breed clubs and organizations like the AKC are good places to get started.

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Temperament & Intelligence of the Beauceron

Beaucerons are smart, self-assured, and usually extremely loving and devoted. Although they’re gentle and playful around family members, they can be standoffish when meeting new people. However, they’re adaptable and generally take changes in stride.

They make wonderful watchdogs but aren’t prone to excessive barking. Because they become so attached to their people, Beaucerons make wonderful companions for those who can take their dogs to work or have the flexibility to work from home.

While they’re incredibly easy to train and eager to learn, they’re usually best suited for experienced dog owners since they can be a bit independent.

Are These Dogs Good for Families? 👪

Beaucerons are exceptional pets for families. They’re protective, devoted, and known for being great with children. Because they’re so active and smart, they do best in homes where they get lots of mental stimulation and exercise. Beaucerons who have nothing to do and energy to spare can become destructive.

Does This Breed Get Along With Other Pets?

Beaucerons are herding dogs, so they’re programmed to round up and keep smaller creatures in line. They generally have strong prey drives, but many do well in homes with other pets.

Beaucerons behave reasonably well around cats they’ve grown up with. However, ones who aren’t well socialized may chase and make life difficult for cats. They usually enjoy living with other dogs.

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Things to Know When Owning a Beauceron:

Food & Diet Requirements 🦴

Healthy Beaucerons don’t usually have special dietary requirements. Most are fine eating high-quality commercial food designed to meet the needs of large-breed puppies and dogs.

Cat food brands, with an Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) statement of nutritional adequacy, have the nutrients dogs need to stay healthy. However, puppies and adult dogs have different nutritional needs and should eat options formulated to meet their life stage.

Exercise 🐕

Beaucerons require tons of exercise — they aren’t dogs for those looking for a friend to accompany them on short, leisurely strolls. They love heart-pumping activities like running and flyball. Hiking and agility training are also good options. They generally need around 2 hours of daily physical activity to stay healthy and well-behaved.

Training 🎾

Solid training is critical for Beaucerons since they’re large and have herding tendencies and high prey drives. They’re usually easy to train since they’re interested in making their people happy and enjoy mentally stimulating activities.

Puppies usually learn incredibly quickly with love and positive reinforcement training techniques. Praise, toys, and treats are all great rewards that motivate puppies and grown dogs to master new commands and tricks.

Grooming ✂️

Beaucerons require daily brushing. Their short, thick coats have two layers and shed year-round, but it’s usually heavier when the mercury rises. Most owners need de-matting tools to remove tangles and mats from the thick fur.

Baths are only necessary when the Beauceron gets dirty playing outside. They also benefit from regular nail trims to prevent them from breaking, splitting, or becoming ingrown.

Health and Conditions 🏥

Beaucerons don’t typically have many health problems but are prone to bloat, hip issues, and other conditions. They can live for anywhere from 10 to 12 years.

Canine copper-associated hepatitis is diagnosed when copper builds up in a dog’s liver and causes inflammation. The exact cause of the condition isn’t known; there could be a genetic link or a secondary issue that develops due to another condition.

Common signs of the condition include jaundice, weight loss, and lack of appetite, but not all dogs become visibly ill. Special diets and medication are often used to manage the condition.

Minor Conditions
  • Eye problems
  • Allergies
Serious Conditions
  • Bloat and GDV
  • DCM
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Canine Copper-Associated Hepatitis

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Male vs Female

Male Beaucerons are a few inches taller than the females, but they have a similar temperament. Personality differences have more to do with training and environmental factors than sex.

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3 Little-Known Facts About the Beauceron

1. Beaucerons Saw Military Action During World War I and II.

Beaucerons were indispensable in both World Wars. They were used in search and rescue missions, to detect mines, and to send supplies and messages.

2. Other Names for the Breed Include Berger de Beauce and Bas Rouge.

Beaucerons are native to the Beauce region of northern France, which is evident in their name and nicknames. Their skills for guarding cattle and sheep made them favorites of French farmers.

3. They’re Closely Related to Briards, Which Are French Herding Dogs With Long Coats.

Although they have longer hair than Beaucerons, Briards are similar in a few ways. They have dewclaws on their hind legs to assist in herding, and like Beaucerons, they’re incredibly skilled at protecting sheep and cattle.

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Final Thoughts

Beaucerons make loving, loyal, and incredibly devoted companions for those with the time, space, and experience to provide them with the mental stimulation and physical activity they require.

Most need around 2 hours of daily exercise to stay happy and out of trouble. Beaucerons are smart, curious, energetic, and independent and are best suited for experienced dog owners. With early training and solid socialization, Beaucerons can make fantastic pets.

Featured Image Credit: Public Domain Pictures

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