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My Dog Has a Lump After Their Rabies Shot: Should I Worry? (Vet Answer)

Written by: Dr. Samantha Devine DVM (Veterinarian)

Last Updated on May 28, 2024 by Dogster Team

veterinarian injecting a dog with vaccine

My Dog Has a Lump After Their Rabies Shot: Should I Worry? (Vet Answer)

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Dr. Samantha Devine  Photo

WRITTEN BY

Dr. Samantha Devine

DVM (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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You’re petting your dog a day or two after they got vaccinated, and you feel a strange bump near the site where they received their injection. Is this lump normal after getting a rabies vaccine, or do you need to contact your vet right now?

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Should I Worry About a Lump After My Dog Gets a Vaccine?

If it’s just a small lump, you shouldn’t immediately worry, but you should be mindful of the swelling and monitor it closely. If there’s any drainage from the site, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible to have them take a peek at your pup.

Typically, these lumps will go away within a couple of weeks. They may be a little tender to the touch the first couple of days, but that often fades rather than getting worse.

close up dog with skin lump
Image Credit: Todorean Gabriel, Shutterstock

What Causes a Lump at a Vaccine Site?

Lumps at the site of a vaccine injection are relatively common and signal that the body’s immune system is gearing up to develop an immune response. When the vaccine is injected under the skin, inflammatory cells will accumulate at the site. Fluid and red blood cells can also clump up here, making a small knot. You’ll also get a small bump from the vaccine fluid injected under the skin, usually only about one milliliter (mL or cc).

In rare situations, your dog could develop an infection from the vaccination if bacteria or other microbes get under the skin during the injection. Your dog could develop an abscess. These swellings are often large, painful, reddened, or erythematous and may have purulent drainage.

It’s also important to note that your dog might be a little tired or under the weather for a day or two after their vaccines. If they have weakness or collapse, difficulty breathing, pale gums, vomiting, diarrhea, or facial swelling, they need to be evaluated by a veterinarian immediately.

Testing the Lump

If the swelling after a rabies vaccine or other vaccination persists or gets larger, you should have your dog examined by a veterinarian. They can take a fine needle aspirate to correct a cytology sample and look for abnormal cells.

If the vet sees evidence of an inflammatory response, they may just have you continue monitoring your dog. If they see pus at the site, they’ll likely culture the area and put your dog on antibiotics to treat the infection. Tumor cells could mean a rare vaccine-related tumor or a tumor near the vaccination site.

Vaccine-associated tumors are rare in dogs, but they are possible. They tend to be a bit more common in cats, particularly after receiving a feline leukemia or rabies vaccine.

hand holding syringe for rabies vaccine with a black dog in the background
Image Credit: Numstocker, Shutterstock

Treating a Lump After Your Dog Is Vaccinated

Talk to your veterinarian before giving your dog anything for the lump after vaccines. The doctor may often suggest giving your dog oral Benadryl (diphenhydramine) to help control the immune response.

Your dog’s vet might also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications, such as Rimadyl (carprofen) or Metacam (meloxicam).

If the swelling persists or worsens, speak to your veterinarian about other options. If the site is infected, your dog may need antibiotics. Sometimes, a compress can alleviate some swelling and discomfort. In rare circumstances, your dog could have minor surgery to remove or drain the lump.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What Are Vaccine Reactions in Dogs?

Compared to the number of vaccines administered on a daily basis, vaccine reactions in dogs are rare. A 2005 study published in JAVMA determined that the rate of vaccine reactions was 38.2 events per 10,000 dogs. This study included any sort of documented adverse reaction.

The most common side effects of vaccination include lethargy, soreness, and a slight swelling at the injection site.

Some dogs do have vaccine reactions. Gastrointestinal signs may occur, including vomiting and diarrhea. More severe allergic reactions can include facial swelling and hives. Some pets get a little puffy around their muzzle or eyes, while others have full-blown facial swelling. If you see these, contact your veterinarian immediately.

In rare cases, dogs can develop severe anaphylaxis to a vaccine. They could collapse and go into shock. This type of reaction typically occurs shortly after your dog is vaccinated.

dog getting a vaccine
Image Credit: Syda Productions, Shutterstock

How Long Does It Take a Lump After Vaccines to Go Away?

Most of the time, lumps from a vaccine go away within a couple of weeks of your dog getting a vaccine. If the swelling continues past that point, your veterinarian definitely needs to examine your dog.

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Conclusion

While it’s not uncommon for dogs to develop swelling at their injection site, it can be worrisome for pet owners. Keep lines of communication with your vet so they can advise you on the next steps, especially if the lump doesn’t go away within a few days.


Featured Image Credit: Oleg Kopyov, Shutterstock

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