The ideal dog poop is firm, slightly moist and easy to pick up. If you notice mucus in dog poop (or if your dog’s poop is encased in a shiny mucus-like casing), your dog has some type of bowel inflammation. Mucus in dog poop is commonly seen in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or as an early warning sign of other health conditions.
IBD is a syndrome as opposed to a disease, and it is caused by a specific reaction to chronic irritation of the intestinal tract. Most dogs with IBD have a history of recurrent or chronic vomiting or diarrhea and may have a poor appetite. In addition to mucus in dog poop, other signs of IBD include:
Mucus in dog poop can also be caused by parvovirus, parasites, tumors and/or polyps, constipation toxin overload, autoimmune disorders or even cancer. Eating garbage can also cause bacterial infection in the digestive tract that can lead to bloody stools or mucus in dog poop.
You shouldn’t worry about seeing a small amount of mucus in dog poop. Dog stool normally contains some mucus, which is produced by the intestines to keep the lining of the colon lubricated and moist.
But if you notice an excessive amount of mucus in the stool, or if it is accompanied by blood or an obvious change in your dog’s bowel movements, seek immediate veterinary medical attention. The veterinarian will be better able to identify the underlying cause of mucus in your dog’s poop and recommend a proper course of treatment.
Treating mucus in dog poop really depends on what’s causing it, which is why you need a vet to weigh in.
“One of the most obvious signs of a potential health problem in dogs is diarrhea, and diarrhea can have different characteristics depending on its cause,” according to Michael S. Stone, DVM, DACVIM, a small animal specialist at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. “A soft stool containing or coated with mucus may indicate the presence of parvovirus or parasites, or other problems, so have it checked out by your dog’s veterinarian. The treatment will depend on the diagnosis.”
Thumbnail: Photography © DieterMeyrl | iStock / Getty Images Plus.
Writer Elizabeth Vecsi lives in the Hudson Valley with her five cats. Over the past two decades, she has been an editor and writer for various pet publications, including Cornell’s Dogwatch.