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How Prone Are Golden Retrievers to Skin Issues? Vet Approved Facts & Care Tips

Written by: Lindsey Lawson

Last Updated on June 19, 2024 by Dogster Team

sick golden retriever

How Prone Are Golden Retrievers to Skin Issues? Vet Approved Facts & Care Tips

VET APPROVED

Dr. Paola Cuevas Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Paola Cuevas

Veterinarian, MVZ

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

The golden retriever is an incredibly loyal and intelligent breed that always sits high on the list of most popular dog breeds in the country. These incredible dogs come to mind when you think of the perfect family pet.

Like most purebred dogs, Golden Retrievers are prone to certain health conditions and skin issues are one of the most common ailments Golden Retrievers are prone to suffering from. This is because golden retrievers are highly susceptible to suffering from allergies.

In this article, we will learn more about the various skin conditions that can plague your golden retriever, how to identify symptoms and the diagnosis and treatment process for each.

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The 3 Most Common Skin Issues of the Golden Retriever

1. Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin conditions observed in golden retrievers. This is a heritable, chronic condition that causes an inflammatory response in the skin due to exposure to various allergens such as dust, mold, pollen, and many other environmental allergens as well food allergies.

Dogs will typically begin showing symptoms of allergies between 1 and 6 years of age. Atopic dermatitis may be so mild at first that it goes unrecognized until symptoms become more prevalent and intense. The most affected areas are the ears, feet, underbelly, around the eyes, muzzle, groin, the best of the tail, and where the legs meet the torso.

Signs
  • Itching
  • Consistent scratching
  • Rubbing
  • Licking
  • Yeasty smell
  • Greasy fur
  • Redness or tough skin

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis can be done during a physical examination. Your veterinarian will go over your dog’s medical history and attempt to find a pattern related to the allergy symptoms. Testing can be completed to confirm the presence and origins of allergies, but this isn’t always necessary.

Testing can include skin samples, intradermal testing, and even blood tests. Your veterinarian may recommend treatment as opposed to advanced allergy tests.

Treatment

Atopic dermatitis that results from environmental allergens cannot be cured but many things can be done to manage the symptoms and make your golden retriever more comfortable. If the allergies stem from a food source, you can remove the allergen from their diet.

Treating Environmental Allergies

Environmental allergies can be managed in several different ways. The best option for your golden retriever will depend on which allergens are causing the symptoms. Treatment ranges from allergy medications, hypo-sensitization therapy, and regular medicated baths.

Prescription steroids, antifungals, or antibiotics may also be provided to help manage symptoms and any secondary infections that result from the allergy.

Treating Food Allergies

If your golden is suffering from food allergies, you will first need to identify the particular allergen(s) that are causing these symptoms. This is typically done through an elimination diet that is supervised by your veterinarian. Food allergies result in symptoms that can go above and beyond skin irritation. You may also notice digestive upset and changes in bowel habits.

Your dog will be fed a hypoallergenic diet for 8 to 12 weeks, which includes no extra treats, supplements, or certain flavored preventative medications. If symptoms resolve during the food trial but return once you reintroduce normal food, they certainly have a food allergy.

During this process, your veterinarian will have food reintroduced slowly to help you determine which is resulting in allergy symptoms. Common allergens include proteins, especially from dairy products, beef, chicken, eggs, soy, and wheat gluten. Once the allergen is identified that ingredient should be removed from your dog’s diet permanently.

There are blood tests that can be performed to assist with food allergy diagnosis, but these tests may not be as effective as the food elimination trials.

Veterinarian performing cleaning hearing a dog Golden Retriever
Image Credit: 135pixels, Shutterstock

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2. Flea Allergy Dermatitis

Flea allergy dermatitis is a severe reaction to the proteins in flea saliva that results from a flea bite. Golden retrievers have been known to suffer from this condition and it can vary in severity. Some dogs may be so sensitive to this allergen that symptoms can result from a single bite.

Signs
  • Excessive scratching
  • Red, inflamed skin
  • Hair loss
  • Hot spots
  • Scabs
  • Darkening or thickening of affected skin
  • Unpleasant odor (if secondary infection is present)

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of flea allergy dermatitis is typically done through a physical examination and the subsequent presence of fleas. Intradermal allergy tests or specialized blood tests can also be utilized to confirm the condition, which can also confirm other potential allergens.

Treatment

The only way to treat flea allergy dermatitis is to completely remove fleas from your dog. All animals in the home will need to be treated with flea control medication that can easily be prescribed by your veterinarian.

It’s best to use a medication that is effective in treating fleas at all life stages, as they can be a difficult parasite to eliminate. Make sure to vacuum and clean the home thoroughly and consider treatment if necessary. Make sure to keep all pets up to date on all flea preventatives.

In addition to flea treatment, your veterinarian may also prescribe additional medication to help alleviate symptoms or treat any secondary infections that have resulted from the condition. Medications can include antibiotics, steroids, or antifungals.

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3. Hot Spots

Hot spots are commonly observed in golden retrievers. Also known as pyotraumatic dermatitis or acute moist dermatitis, hot spots are inflamed, painful open lesions that can be found anywhere on the body but most commonly on the head, legs, or hip area.

Hot spots are very itchy and may contain pus or ooze. With a golden retriever’s dense coat, they may go unnoticed at first. They are typically the result of excessive scratching associated with allergies, parasites or other insect bites, and ear infections.

Signs
  • Excessive scratching
  • An open patch of skin
  • Chewing or licking at the affected site
  • Inflammation, redness, and swelling in the localized area
  • Crusted scabs or oozing sores.
  • Dry scaly skin
  • Defensiveness if the area is bothered

Diagnosis

Hot spots can easily be diagnosed through clinical evaluation by a veterinarian. They will go over your dog’s medical history and observe behaviors that could be underlying factors in the diagnosis. A skin scrape may be warranted to potentially identify parasites.

Treatment

Treatment for hot spots involves clipping the fur near the affected area and cleaning it with an antiseptic solution. It may be recommended the dog is bathed in chlorhexidine shampoo as well. Either oral or topical antibiotics are typically prescribed to treat any secondary bacterial infections.

Topical steroids may be administered to help get control of the inflammation and decrease the bothersome itching the dog is experiencing. An Elizabethan collar may be necessary to prevent the dog from bothering the area and further trauma while it heals.

The hot spot will be treated along with the underlying cause of the condition. In golden retrievers, hot spots are typically the result of severe allergies.

Golden retriever about to undergo operation
Image Credit: Eduard Goricev, Shutterstock

divider-pawConclusion

Golden retrievers are highly susceptible to skin conditions, most of which are directly related to their predisposition to allergies. Not only is the breed prone to environmental allergies and food allergies that can result in atopic dermatitis, but they also commonly suffer from flea allergy dermatitis. All these skin conditions can lead to hot spots, which must be treated in conjunction with the underlying cause.


Featured Image Credit: 135pixels, Shutterstock

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