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Cracked Dog Paws: Vet-Verified Causes, Treatments & Prevention

Written by: Chantelle Fowler

Last Updated on May 15, 2024 by Dogster Team

person showing cracked dog paw

Cracked Dog Paws: Vet-Verified Causes, Treatments & Prevention

VET APPROVED

Dr. Amanda Charles Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Amanda Charles

BVSc MRCVS (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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Healthy paws are an essential part of your dog’s well-being as they bear their body weight and are critical for daily activities. Cracked paws can be extremely painful and may indicate other potential health issues. Read on to learn more about what causes cracked paws, what signs to look for, and how to treat them.

What Are Cracked Dog Paws?

A dog’s paw pads are designed to absorb shock and are built tough, but even so, they aren’t immune to a few issues. Their pads make constant contact with the ground, and though they’re capable of taking quite a beating, they will still sometimes crack.

Poor pad health is most often attributed to the surfaces your dog is exposed to, such as hot sidewalks in the summer or cold, ice-salt-covered roadways in the winter. However, there are numerous other potential causes for pad cracking, which we will explore further later in this article.

As you can imagine, cracked pads can be extremely painful for dogs. The deeper the crack, the more painful it will be. Untreated cracking can become infected, which can obviously exacerbate pain and put your pup at risk of developing serious side effects.

crack paw pad of a dog
Image Credit: GaiBru Photo, Shutterstock

What Are the Signs of Cracked Dog Paws?

Aside from the obvious cracking in the pads, signs of cracked dog paws include:

  • Tiny lines on paw pads
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Protruding lesions
  • Limping
  • Chewing the paw pads
  • Licking the paw pads
  • Rough, uneven paw pads
  • Lethargy
  • Isolation
  • Avoiding certain types of surfaces (e.g., rough surfaces)

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The 7 Common Causes of Cracked Dog Paws?

1. Pododermatitis

Canine pododermatitis is inflammation of the paw skin, but it could also infect other parts of the paw, like the pads and nails.1 Dogs with pododermatitis can have swollen paw pads, which will be very uncomfortable. The dog may lick their infected paw constantly in the hopes of easing the pain; however, the licking can lead to cracking.


2. Nutritional Imbalances

Cracked paws may also indicate a lack of specific nutrients in your dog’s diet or problems with absorption. For example, zinc-responsive dermatosis can cause crusty and cracked footpads. This can be caused by a diet deficient in zinc, or some breeds, especially Huskies and Malamutes, may not absorb zinc properly from their diet. Supplements can address some nutritional imbalances, but it’s always best to speak to your vet before adding any to your pet’s diet.

dog not eating its food
Image Credit: Daria Lixoveteckay, Shutterstock

3. Autoimmune Diseases

Like humans, dogs’ immune systems are responsible for fighting foreign cells in their bodies. Pups with autoimmune diseases have immune cells that try to destroy their healthy cells. Some autoimmune conditions like pemphigus affect the skin and can cause crusting and cracking of the paws. Though many autoimmune conditions are not curable, they can be controlled with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications.


4. Surface Irritants & Chemical Exposure

Ice salt is a huge irritant for dogs exploring outside during the winter. These salt products can cause drying and cracking of the paw pads, and they can even cause lacerations and bleeding from the rough salt crystals.

Other surface irritants include rocks, abrasive terrain, and floor cleaners.


5. Extreme Weather

Exposure to extremely hot pavement can cause blisters to form on the paw pads. Cold weather can cause dryness, which may make your pup’s pads more susceptible to cracking.

dog paw wound infection
Image Credit: Tienuskin, Shutterstock

6. Hormonal Imbalances

Certain endocrine disorders, such as Cushing’s disease and hypothyroidism, can cause hormonal imbalances that may lead to chronic dryness, cracking, and skin irritation.


7. Liver Disease

Hepatocutaneous syndrome is an uncommon but serious disorder that affects the liver and the skin. It is most often seen in older dogs and can affect their paws. The paw pads become very thickened and crusty and cracked, along with non-healing lesions of erosions, ulcerations and blisters. The skin around the nose, eyes and lips is also commonly affected. Other signs include a loss of appetite, lethargy, weight loss and increased drinking and urination. Your vet will need to run testing to rule out this liver disease, which can be caused by a myriad of factors, including long term diseases like diabetes, cancer and certain medications.

The 6 Tips for Treating Cracked Dog Paws

1. Check Paws Regularly

The key to good paw health is to make it a point to check your pup’s paws regularly for foreign objects like thorns or pebbles. It’s especially important to inspect their paws after you’ve spent some time outside.


2. Clean Paws Regularly

Wash your pup’s paws as soon as they’re done spending time outside. This is especially important during winter to ensure any de-icing products or salt has been removed. All you need is a towel and some warm water to gently massage any debris or ice balls that have stuck to your pup’s paw pads or in their toe fur. Pat the pads dry when the debris has been removed.

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3. Use a Balm

A dog-friendly balm can keep your pup’s pads moisturized and free of cracks. There are quite a few for sale online but you can always ask your vet for recommendations as well. However, we still recommend using an Elizabethan collar so they don’t lick the balm off straight away without allowing it time to work its magic.


4. Cover Your Pup’s Feet

Use socks (or bandages under your vet’s direction) on your dog’s cracked feet to allow them to move around your home without pain while the cracks are healing.

Dog wearing shoes
Image Credit: Pixabay

5. Take It Easy on Walks

To speed up the recovery time and protect your dog’s cracked pads, limit how long your walks are, especially during periods of hot or cold weather. You may want to reconsider the walk altogether if the sidewalk is too hot or if you know there will be a lot of ice salt on walkways. Dog boots can also help protect the paws on walks.


6. Use Preventative Measures

Once your dog’s paws have healed, you’ll want to go into preventative mode to ensure they don’t get cracked again in the future.

Use a paw wax or balm before heading out on your walks, especially in the winter when you know the chances of encountering ice salt are high. Remove the balm after your walk with a lukewarm washcloth, and add a second layer to soothe any irritation and prevent the pads from drying out.

Make sure you’re keeping up on your dog’s nail grooming. Nails shouldn’t touch the ground when they’re standing on a flat surface. Aim for once-monthly nail trims, but adjust according to how your pet’s nails grow. You should also shorten the hair between your pup’s paw pads to prevent ice balls from forming in the area.

Consider using booties for walks in the winter to protect sensitive paw pads from ice, snow, salt, and other de-icing chemicals your neighbors may be using.

person applying balm on dog's paw
Image Credit: Miriam Doerr Martin Frommherz, Shutterstock

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

When should I take my dog to the vet for their cracked paws?

Don’t let your pup’s paw problems go untreated. At-home care isn’t always the best solution, so it’s best to get your veterinary team involved. Bring your pet in for an evaluation if you notice them licking or chewing the area, changes in their paw pad appearance, or if they’re not using one or more of their paws. Cracked paws can cause your pet a lot of pain and may even lead to lameness and infection if left without proper treatment for too long. In some cases, cracked paws can be a sign of an underlying health issue, so your vet may need to run some tests to determine whether this is the case for your dog.

Can I use coconut oil on my dog’s paw pads?

If you look at the ingredients in dog paw balm, coconut oil is often a top ingredient. This oil can help soothe chapped paw pads. If your vet gives you the green light to use it, keep a close eye on your pet after application to ensure they’re not licking it off. While coconut oil can be ingested, it can cause gastrointestinal issues or even pancreatitis if your pet eats too much of it.

Are there any ingredients I should avoid when shopping for balms or waxes for my dog’s paws?

Not all paw balms and waxes are created equal, and some can be downright dangerous. Make sure you read the label. Avoid ingredients such as essential oils and added fragrances, as they’re unnecessary and potentially toxic. Never use a balm formulated for other animals on your dog—that includes balms made for humans, too!

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Conclusion

Though your dog’s paw pads are designed to be durable and strong, they can become dry and cracked for many reasons. If you notice your pup’s pad health is waning, we recommend speaking to your vet and beginning safe at-home remedies as soon as possible. Cracked paws can be very painful, especially if the cracks are deep or if you don’t make adjustments to your pup’s walking routine to accommodate for healing.


Featured Image Credit: Te9l, Shutterstock

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