oldest dog breed
The Samoyed's DNA ties it closely to trulyancient dogs. (Photo via Pixabay)

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 44 – 66 pounds (19.96 – 29.94 kg)
  • Height: 16 – 22 inches (40.64 – 55.88 cm)

The Look of a Samoyed

The Samoyed has a solid, muscular frame covered in a thick, white, weather-resistant double coat. Its broad, wedge-shaped head has a tapered muzzle and erect, triangular ears. Its eyes, lips and nose are black. Its strong neck leads down to a deep chest, short back and a well-plumed tail that’s usually curls over the back.


  • Happy
  • Trusting
  • Hardworking
  • Understanding
  • Loyal

Ideal Human Companion

  • Active singles
  • Cold-climate dwellers
  • Families
  • Farmers & ranchers

What They Are Like to Live With

Spend time with a Samoyed and it becomes obvious that this is an ancient working dog. Faithful and intelligent, its is willing to help with any task. Its temperament is gentle, trusting and noble. The Samoyed is also active and playful throughout its whole life.

The Samoyed tends to bond with its master, but it loves everyone in the family—especially children. In fact, the Samoyed loves everyone it meets. For this reason, it might not make the best watchdog. Overall, the Samoyed loves to be around people, in the thick of the action. Don’t leave this canine alone for too long: It might get bored and start to chew things.

Things You Should Know

The Samoyed can live as long as 16 years. Common health issues include hip dysplasia, skin allergies and an eye problem called PRA (progressive retinal atrophy). The Samoyed’s fluffy coat, which tends to shed heavily during the spring and fall, does require some attention. Brush it daily and give it the occasional bath.

This dog needs a daily walk to stay healthy, but go easy on hot days: it’s better suited for cooler climates. With a mostly gentle indoor manner, it will be perfectly happy in an apartment. Just keep in mind that this is a working breed, used to spending lots of time outdoors. It loves to be busy.


Named after Siberia’s ancient Samoyed tribe, the Samoyed lived, hunted and worked among these people for centuries. Known for its sled-pulling abilities and warm temperaments, the Samoyed is considered an age-old helper and dependable friend.

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