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Jack-A-Ranian Dog Breed Guide: Info, Pictures, Care & More

Written by: Elizabeth Gray

Last Updated on May 16, 2024 by Dogster Team


Jack-A-Ranian Dog Breed Guide: Info, Pictures, Care & More

If you’ve always felt you were more of a “big dog” person but you don’t have the space or the money to care for a larger breed, the Jackaranian might be the dog for you! This combination of a Pomeranian and Jack Russell (Parson Russell) Terrier packs the attitude of a much larger dog into a compact package.

Breed Overview


6-10 inches


6-14 pounds


13-15 years


Brown, black, brindle, white, cream, gray, silver

Suitable for

Experienced, active dog owners able to dedicate time to training and socialization


Loyal, intelligent, energetic, entertaining, bold

Jackaranians aren’t the best choice for inexperienced dog owners for reasons we will cover in this article. But with patience and dedicated training, Jackaranians can make loving family pets. Read on to learn more about the energetic and opinionated Jackaranian!

High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.


Jackaranian Puppies

Jackaranians aren’t one of the more common designer dog breeds. Because of this, they can be tough to find for sale or adoption. If your search for a Jackaranian breeder extends far from home, expect to add shipping costs to the price of your puppy. Avoid buying your new puppy from a pet store, as they often get their animals from puppy mills. Small designer dogs like Jackaranians are often a popular choice for less reputable breeders. Be cautious and do your research before purchasing a puppy to ensure you get the healthiest pet possible.

When you welcome a Jackaranian into your family, be ready to have a loyal small pup by your side. They’re very intelligent and will love to play with you. They’re great with experienced dog owners and active families.

Image By: Left – Public Domain Pictures | Right – Natalia Fedosova, Shutterstock

Temperament & Intelligence of the Jackaranian

With both parent breeds full of energy and bold personality, expect a Jackaranian to be a whole lot of dogs in a tiny bundle! These dogs can be friendly and sweet with their families but unlike some breeds, they’ll need plenty of socialization to be good canine citizens.

Jack Russell Terriers can be stubborn, hyper, and prone to ruling the house if not given appropriate boundaries. Pomeranians may look like adorable fluff balls, but they too have strong, independent natures. The hope with any crossbred dog is that they will be a combination of the best tendencies of their parents. Be prepared to put in some work to get the best out of your Jackaranian!

Are These Dogs Good for Families?

While Jackaranians can make loving, loyal, and protective pets, they aren’t the best choice for every family.

On one hand, Jackaranians are usually pretty independent dogs who don’t need constant attention from their family. While they are small enough to live in cities or apartments, Jackaranians are also quite energetic for their size. Busy families will need to carve out enough time to give their Jackaranians plenty of exercise.

All dogs need some level of socialization and training to help them be on their best behavior, but some need more than others. Jackaranians often fall on the latter end of the scale. They also tend to be suspicious of strangers, which could include your kids’ friends. Families who prefer a more easy-going, lover-of-all-humans-type of dog should probably look elsewhere.

Small breed dogs and very young children generally don’t make a good mix. Jackaranians can live with children, but they don’t tolerate rough handling well at all and might even get nippy. Older kids who know how to behave around a small dog are a better fit for Jackaranians but all interactions should be supervised.

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets?

How well a Jackaranian gets along with other pets will depend a lot on which parent they most take after and what kind of pets you’re talking about.

In most cases, well-socialized Jackaranians get along with other dogs. Keep in mind that a Jackaranian is a small dog, but chances are they’re going to act like they’re much bigger. They’re likely going to come out the worse for wear if they start any trouble with larger dogs. Again, socialization and supervision will help you avoid canine conflict.

Jackaranians might not be the best choice as housemates for cats or small pets. Jack Russell Terriers were bred to hunt rats and other pests and have a high prey drive as a result. Jackaranians who inherit this tendency might view cats or exotic pets as food, not friends

divider-pawThings to Know When Owning a Jackaranian:

Think you’re up for the challenge of welcoming a Jackaranian into your household? Here’s some more information on this breed, including what health concerns you need to be on the lookout for as you start your search for your new Jackaranian puppy.

Food & Diet Requirements

Any nutritionally balanced diet is sufficient for a Jackaranian. You may choose to purchase commercial dog food, canned or dry, or to prepare homemade meals for your pet. If you decide to go the home-cooked route, check with your veterinarian to make sure you are providing all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Your Jackaranian’s nutritional requirements will change based on their life stage so be sure you feed a puppy, adult, or senior diet as appropriate. Obesity can be an issue for Jackaranians so ask your veterinarian to help you determine the right amount of food and treats your dog should eat.


Jackaranians are usually high-energy dogs who require at least an hour of daily exercise. Unlike many small breeds, these dogs can often serve as running and hiking companions. While they are active dogs, their small size makes them suitable for tighter living situations so long as their owners can meet their exercise needs.

Jackaranians are also clever, independent dogs who need mental as well as physical stimulation. They may enjoy dog sports such as agility and should have access to safe toys, including chew toys, especially when they’re left alone. Without appropriate outlets for their mental and physical energy, Jackaranians may develop destructive behaviors like digging, chewing, and excessive barking.


Training is often the most challenging part of owning a Jackaranian. This has nothing to do with their intelligence, as both parent breeds are smart dogs. However, Jackaranians can be stubborn, with short attention spans. Patience and persistence are musts when training this breed.

Short, positive training sessions are the best way to help a Jackaranian learn. Creativity will also help if you need to find some new way to teach a dog who otherwise resists the usual basic dog training tips!

As previously mentioned, Jackaranians need consistent socialization, particularly as puppies, but throughout their lives as well. Pomeranians have a reputation for being tricky to housetrain and your Jackaranian might put you in a similar situation.

If you find you are running into trouble training your dog, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Your veterinarian and their staff are a convenient resource to help guide you. They can usually recommend local training classes or a private trainer who can help as well.

Grooming ✂️

The amount of grooming a Jackaranian needs depends very strongly on what type of coat they inherit from their parents. The easiest to care for is a short coat similar to a smooth Jack Russell Terrier. Regular brushing and a monthly bath are usually all that’s needed.

A Jackaranian could also have a wiry, scruffy coat or a fluffy double coat. The grooming needs of this type of coat are more intensive. At a minimum, they will need more frequent brushing and often regular trips to the groomer for a trim, bath, or to have their coats plucked to prevent mats. Keep their nails short and brush their teeth at least once a week.

Health and Conditions

Before you decide on a Jackaranian breeder, ask if they screen and certify that the parent dogs are free of inherited conditions. Both Jack Russells and Pomeranians are prone to several health conditions that could be passed on to a Jackaranian pup. Because of their mixed breed status, a Jackaranian could be healthier than their parents but there’s no way to know for sure so don’t be afraid to ask your breeder these questions.

Serious Conditions
Minor Conditions
  • Jack Russells may suffer from inherited deafness.
  • Pomeranians are prone to hypothyroidism and a skin condition called alopecia X or black skin disease.
  • Jack Russells can inherit certain eye conditions and should have their eyes checked and certified before breeding.

Male vs Female

As a breed, Jackaranians don’t usually have any specific differences between male and female dogs. As with nearly all breeds, males are generally bigger than females. Jack Russells are naturally territorial dogs and males are often more so than females. Male Jackaranians could follow this tendency, leading them to behave aggressively towards strangers and urine mark excessively.

With a female Jackaranian, you’ll need to either spay your dog or plan to deal with her going into heat twice a year. During the heat period, which may last 2 weeks or more, you’ll need to keep your female away from male dogs to avoid accidental breeding.


3 Little-Known Facts About the Jackaranian

1. Jackaranian isn’t the only name they go by.

You may also see Jackaranians referred to as Jack-a-ranians, Pom Jacks, Jack Poms, or Pom-a-Jacks.

2. You never know what they’re going to look like!

No hybrid dog is going to look the same, sometimes even within the same litter. However, crossbreeds like the Jackaranian, whose parent breeds already look very different, will be even more variable. Your Jackaranian could be fluffy or smooth-coated, solid-colored, or spotted! Maybe their tail will be straight or maybe it will curl over their back. Almost anything is possible!

3. They may be little, but they’re fierce!

Both Jack Russell Terriers and Pomeranians are surprisingly good watchdogs even though they’re small. Your Jackaranian may not look intimidating but they’ll happily kick up a fuss if they feel like something or someone is trespassing on their territory!


Final Thoughts

Part of the appeal of designer dogs is never knowing quite how the deliberate mix of two breeds will turn out. In the case of the Jackaranian, you will certainly get an adorable dog, but how they look and act is tough to guess ahead of time. You’ll almost certainly get a dog that needs a bit more guidance and training than do some other breeds. Not every dog is the best fit for every living situation and it’s important to put in the time to learn about the Jackaranian before you welcome one into your home.

Featured Image Credit: Ermolaev Alexander, Shutterstock

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