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Dachshund Dog Breed: Pictures, Info, Care & More

Written by: Elizabeth Gray

Last Updated on May 16, 2024 by Dogster Team

group of dachshund dogs

Dachshund Dog Breed: Pictures, Info, Care & More

With a nickname that’s hard to forget and a body that demands attention, Dachshunds are easily one of the most well-known dog breeds. These “wiener dogs” might come from Germany, but their popularity in America has been steady for decades. Keep reading to learn all about the short-legged, long-backed, remarkable dog that is the Dachshund!

Breed Overview

Height:

8–9 inches (standard) 5–6 inches (miniature)

Weight:

16–32 pounds (standard) 11 pounds or less (miniature)

Lifespan:

12–16 years

Colors:

Black, chocolate, fawn, or blue with tan, cream, wheaten, wild boar, red, black, fawn, chocolate, or blue with cream

Suitable for:

Families and individuals with patience and previous experience owning dogs, families with older kids

Temperament:

Independent, playful, bold, protective, charming, sometimes stubborn

When you hear that the Dachshund was bred to hunt badgers, the breed’s short stature and bold personality suddenly make a lot more sense. Dachshunds come in two sizes, three separate coat types, and multiple colors, making them one of the more unique breeds.

Life with a Dachshund is neither quiet nor boring, and many people simply can’t resist their charms. However, as with any canine, the Dachshund isn’t the right pet for every family. In this article, you’ll learn more about the temperament, traits, and care required to share your home with a Dachshund.

Dachshund Characteristics

Energy
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High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Trainability
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Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Health
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Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Lifespan
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Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Sociability
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Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.

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Dachshund Puppies

dachshund puppies
Image Credit: Shedara Weinsberg, Shutterstock

Few people would argue that puppies are generally cute, but baby Dachshunds are especially adorable. According to AKC registrations, Dachshunds are among the 10 most popular breeds, so you’ll have no shortage of options if you’re looking for a puppy.

If you choose to buy a Dachshund puppy from a breeder, be careful to research and screen breeders carefully. Unethical breeding operations like puppy mills frequently produce popular small breeds like Dachshunds. Look for breeders who prioritize the well-being of their dogs and are transparent about answering questions, allowing you to view their facilities, and offering health guarantees.

If you prefer to adopt a Dachshund, look for breed-specific rescue groups in your area. You can also check animal shelters and humane societies. Small dogs get adopted more quickly, and you might need to be patient if you want to rescue a Dachshund.

Once your Dachshund puppy comes home, it’s time to start socializing and training it. Don’t let the cute puppy face fool you—Dachshunds will take over the house if given the chance. If you let bad habits develop when they’re young, it can be harder to retrain adult dogs.

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Temperament & Intelligence of the Dachshund

Dachshunds were bred to hunt small, burrowing rodents in their holes in the ground. This task required them to work independently and make decisions quickly. Modern Dachshunds rarely continue this legacy of hunting, but their personalities remain.

The Dachshund is a smart little dog with a mind of their own. They can be stubborn and don’t always want to listen to their owners. However, Dachshunds are also playful, charming, and can be very affectionate to their human family.

Dachshunds are full of personality and generally just entertaining to live with, which explains why they’re so popular. They tend to bark a lot and make great watchdogs. You’ll have to make an effort to shape your Dachshund’s behavior appropriately, but the results are worth it.

Are These Dogs Good for Families?👪

Dachshunds can be good family dogs, but they’re best suited for families with older children. Unfortunately, Dachshunds don’t always have the patience to tolerate the rough handling and antics of younger kids. Physically, they’re vulnerable to injuries due to their long backs, too.

While well-socialized Dachshunds can live with younger kids, you must supervise their interactions carefully. Dachshunds won’t be able to play hard with energetic kids like some other breeds, which is something to keep in mind when choosing a family pet.

Dachshunds may not be a good fit for busy families that are rarely home. They are social dogs who may develop separation anxiety and destructive behavior if left alone frequently.

dachshund dog with her owner
Image Credit: Branislav Nenin, Shutterstock

Does This Breed Get Along With Other Pets?🐶 😽

Depending on how they were socialized as puppies, Dachshunds may not get along well with other pets. Their bold, protective personalities can lead them to clash with other dogs. Dachshunds are small dogs who don’t always act like it, which can be dangerous if they decide to confront a larger canine.

However, Dachshunds can enjoy having a dog companion if properly socialized and supervised. Just don’t let them play too rough to protect your Dachshund’s back.

Since they were bred to hunt small animals, Dachshunds may chase cats. Early socialization and pairing the dog with a cat who’s comfortable with canine friends and doesn’t act like prey can help with this tendency. Keep birds and small exotic pets separated from Dachshunds to avoid predator stress or worse.

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Things to Know When Owning a Dachshund

If you’re considering adding a Dachshund to your family, you might be curious about what it’s like to live with and care for this breed. Here are the important things you need to know when owning a Dachshund.

Food & Diet Requirements🦴

Dachshunds can eat any nutritionally balanced diet formulated for dogs. Choose a brand designed to meet the nutritional needs of your dog’s life stage, from puppy to senior. Many Dachshunds enjoy eating small-breed dry food because of the reduced size of the kibble.

If you feed canned or soft food, remember that Dachshunds are prone to dental disease like many small breed dogs. You may need to increase their preventative dental care if they aren’t chewing hard kibble daily.

Dachshunds are also prone to getting overweight, which isn’t healthy for any dog but can be especially tough on them. Carrying too much weight puts extra strain on the Dachshund’s long back and can leave them at greater risk of spinal problems. Ask your vet to help you calculate how much your dog should be eating each day and stick to it.

Exercise🐕

Dachshunds are moderately energetic dogs but need daily exercise to control their weight and strengthen their backs. However, they should avoid high-impact activities, such as running and jumping, to protect them from spinal injuries. Daily walks of at least 30 minutes are a good option, along with canine sports such as tracking and Earthdog competitions.

Clever Dachshunds should also have the chance to exercise their brains each day. Consider interactive and puzzle toys to provide regular mental stimulation.

dachshund, dog school, dog training
Image Credit: 825545, Unsplash

Training🎾

Although they’re intelligent dogs, other aspects of the Dachshund’s personality can make them challenging to train. Since they’re bred to work independently, Dachshunds may not see the point of following commands from humans.

They’re also prone to stubbornness. Dachshunds generally respond best to positive reinforcement training techniques. Use short training sessions and be prepared to get creative to keep your dog’s attention. If you use treat rewards as part of your training strategy, remember to subtract the calories from your Dachshund’s total daily allowance.

Grooming✂️

The time you’ll devote to grooming a Dachshund depends on their coat. Dachshunds don’t shed excessively, but longhaired pups need frequent brushing to keep mats and tangles at bay. Smooth-coated Dachshunds need the least grooming. A quick weekly session with a bristle brush or grooming glove is generally all they need.

Wirehaired Dachshunds need their coats hand-stripped a few times per year. In between, they also need weekly brushing and sometimes a quick trim. Bathe your Dachshund as needed and trim their nails about once a month.

Because they’re prone to tooth and gum issues, you’ll need to include preventative dental care in your Dachshund’s grooming routine. Brush your dog’s teeth regularly or use products like dental chews, water additives, or a special diet. Your vet can help you find the best dental care products.

Health and Conditions🏥

Although overall considered a healthy breed, the Dachshund’s most common medical condition, intervertebral disk disease, can be painful, expensive, and sometimes life-threatening.

Fortunately, there are easy steps you can take to help prevent spinal issues, such as keeping your dog at a healthy weight. Using ramps to allow your Dachshund to get on and off furniture without jumping is also recommended.

Minor Conditions
  • Dental disease
  • Eye conditions, such as cataracts
Serious Conditions
  • Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD)
  • Luxating patella
  • Inherited epilepsy
  • Obesity

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Male vs Female

Like most breeds, male Dachshunds are larger than their female counterparts. Unneutered males may be bold and even aggressive with other dogs, too. They are also more likely to display behaviors like urine marking and humping.

Female Dachshunds will go into heat about twice a year unless spayed. If you don’t plan to breed your dog, talk to your veterinarian about when to spay or neuter them.

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3 Little-Known Facts About the Dachshund

1. The Name Dachshund Means “Badger Dog.”

Dachshunds originated from Germany, and their name in the original language reflects their intended purpose. The skilled Dachshunds trailed badgers down into their dens to hunt them.


2. The Different Dachshund Coat Types Serve Specific Purposes.

From the original smooth-coated Dachshunds, breeders created the wire-haired and long-haired varieties. The denser wirehaired coat was meant to protect Dachshunds as they hunted through thorny vegetation. Longer hair kept other Dachshunds warm in cold temperatures.


3. During World War I, Americans Called Dachshunds “Liberty Hounds” Because the Dogs Were Considered a Symbol of Germany.

Since Germany was at war with the United States, Americans called their Dachshunds “liberty hounds” to hide their association with Germany. German Shepherd owners called their dogs “Alsatians.”

miniature-chocolate-dachshund-standing-on-rock
Image Credit: David Pecheux, Shutterstock

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Final Thoughts

Dachshunds are a uniquely appealing breed in many ways, and it’s no surprise that they’re as popular as they are. If you feel that the Dachshund is a good fit for your household, remember the precautions we mentioned to protect their backs from injury. When researching breeders, ask about the history of disk disease in the family. Consider purchasing pet insurance for your dog, but look for one that covers inherited and breed-specific health conditions.


Featured Image Credit: 4sally scott, Shutterstock

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