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8 Chinese Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on April 17, 2024 by Dogster Team

shar-pei dog

8 Chinese Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

Chinese dog breeds are among the most influential in the history of domesticated dogs, as they are known for being the foundations for many popular dog breeds today. Some breeds are so old that they’re known as basal dogs, which means they’re one of the original dog breeds of the world.

These Chinese breeds are known for their quirky, independent personalities, even the ones that are companion dogs. Although they’re not for everyone, Chinese breeds can make great pets in the right environment. Read on for the full list!

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The 8 Chinese Dog Breeds

1. Chow-Chow

chow chow_VKarlov_Shutterstock
Image Credit: VKarlov, Shutterstock
AKC Group Non-sporting
Height 18–22 inches
Weight 45–70 pounds
Temperament Loyal, alert, aloof

The Chow Chow is one of the most popular and well-known dog breeds in the world, infamous for their aggressive tendencies toward strangers. With their thick coat and blue tongue, they have a lion-like stature that gives them an imposing look. The Chow Chow is a basal breed and was around before the modern dog breeds of modern times, making them one of the oldest breeds in the world.

2. Pug

pug dog standing in the grass
Image Credit: Antin82, Shutterstock
AKC Group Toy
Height 10–14 inches
Weight 13–18 pounds
Temperament Quirky, bold, affectionate

Pugs are incredibly popular as apartment companions due to their small size and affectionate personalities. Loud and proud, Pugs need to learn how to control their barking as soon as possible because they love to use their voices. Pugs can go from zero to 60 and love to play, but they can get a little moody. They’re highly affectionate and were bred for companionship, but they can be mischievous.

3. Shar Pei

shar pei_style81_Pixabay
Image Credit: style81, Pixabay
AKC Group Non-sporting
Height 18–20 inches
Weight 45–60 pounds
Temperament Serious, calm, dignified

Once bred for fighting other dogs and guarding their humans, Shar-Pei are far from being socialites and prefer the company of their favorite people. These wrinkly canines can be affectionate and loving, but their independent, stubborn natures can make them hard to train. Although they’re calm and reserved, Shar-Pei dogs do best in quiet homes with no other dogs.

4. Pekingese

Image Credit: No-longer-here, Pixabay
AKC Group Toy
Height 6–9 inches
Weight 7–14 pounds
Temperament Regal, intelligent, affectionate

Pekingese are aristocratic dogs that act as toy-sized guard dogs, barking at any strangers that may arrive on the property. Preferring the company of their favorite person, Pekingese dogs are often called Velcro dogs because of their attachment. Don’t be fooled, though; these toy dogs are quite stubborn when they want to be.

5. Xiasi Dog

xiasi dog_LauraKelsch_Wikimedia
Image Credit: LauraKelsch, Wikimedia
AKC Group Not recognized by major kennel clubs
Height 17–22 inches
Weight 25–55 pounds
Temperament Keen, loyal, friendly

The Xiasi is a rare Chinese breed from a small village called Xiasi in the Guizhou Prefecture. They’re small but rugged, built to handle the rough terrain and elements. These small dogs are generally friendly and bond closely with their families, though their numbers are dwindling. In the Xiasi village, some believe that these shaggy dogs may bring wealth to their families.

6. Chongqing Dog

Chinese Chongqing Dog in the grass
Image Credit: Kat_marinina, Shutterstock
AKC Group Not recognized by major kennel clubs
Height 17–22 inches
Weight 25–55 pounds
Temperament Dignified, protective, fearless

The Chongqing is a rare breed of dog from China, notable for their short muzzle, stocky build, and “bamboo stick” tail. They’re naturally protective of their families due to their natural guarding instincts, so socialization is important to establish boundaries. Chongquing dogs can be friendly with strangers, but some will remain somewhat aloof.

7. Chinese Crested Dog

Chinese Crested Dog
Image Credit: Jumpstory
AKC Group Toy
Height 11–13 inches
Weight 5–12 pounds
Temperament Social, lively, bright

The Chinese Crested is a toy-sized dog that isn’t technically from China, but they were brought there after Chinese sailors brought them on their ships to chase vermin. These little companions come in two variations: powderpuff (soft, silky coat) and hairless (fur only on face, ears, legs, and tail). Although they are small, Chinese Crested Dogs are athletic and love a challenge.

8. Kunming Wolfdog (Hybrid)

Kunming Wolfdog sitting in a tulip field
Image Credit: Bandersnatch, Shutterstock
AKC Group Not recognized by major kennel clubs
Height 25–27 inches
Weight 65–85 pounds
Temperament Intelligent, alert, powerful

Kunming Wolfdogs have a near-identical appearance to the German Shepherd, but their true origins are a bit unclear. These shepherd-hybrid canines are intelligent working dogs, but they’re generally gentle around children and have relatively even temperaments. Kunmings are powerful and athletic, so they need a great deal of exercise and training to prevent boredom or frustration.

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Chinese dog breeds range from highly popular to exceedingly rare, creating a wide range of canines with different backgrounds and purposes. They’re all intelligent dogs that bond to their owners, especially those that were bred specifically for companionship.

Featured Image Credit: Christel SAGNIEZ, Pixabay

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