Dogster is reader-supported. When you buy via links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. Learn more.

Blue Merle Corgi: Facts, Origin & History (with Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on June 1, 2024 by Dogster Team

Blue Merle Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Playing In Green Summer Grass

Blue Merle Corgi: Facts, Origin & History (with Pictures)

If you’re looking for a Corgi, few color variations are quite as cute as the merle blue. It’s an adorable pattern on an adorable dog, which is why we wanted to take the time to highlight it for you here.

Breed Overview


10–12 inches


24–30 pounds


12–13 years


Tan, sable, fawn, red, black, may have white markings

Suitable for:

Active families and individuals


Intelligent, sociable, loyal, affectionate, gets along with other pets

Blue merle is an officially recognized color variation for the Corgi, and outside of the unique markings, the rest of the dog is identical to other types of Corgis. We’ve highlighted everything you could want to know about the blue merle Corgi for you here.

Corgi Characteristics

High-energy dogs will need a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy, while low-energy dogs require minimal physical activity. It’s important when choosing a dog to make sure their energy levels match your lifestyle or vice versa.
Easy-to-train dogs are more skilled at learning prompts and actions quickly with minimal training. Dogs that are harder to train will require a bit more patience and practice.
Some breeds, due to their size or their breeds potential genetic health issues, have shorter lifespans than others. Proper exercise, nutrition, and hygiene also play an important role in the lifespan of your pet.
Some dog breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every dog will have these issues, but they have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.
Some dog breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other dogs. More social dogs have a tendency to run up to strangers for pets and scratches, while less social dogs shy away and are more cautious, even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed, it’s important to socialize your dog and expose them to lots of different situations.

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-01-TEST

The Earliest Records of the Blue Merle Corgi in History

Whether you’re talking about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi or the cardigan Welsh Corgi, they’re both older breeds with a rich history. They date back to the 10th century, and many people believe the cardigan Welsh Corgis are just a bit older than the Pembroke ones.

Either way, they were useful farm dogs that could do anything that short legs would help with, and which included plenty of odds and end tasks around a farm. They excelled at rodent control, and they were versatile enough to herd cattle without getting caught up in their hooves.

Welsh corgi cardigan blue merle running
Image By: Kalinina Maria, Shutterstock

How the Blue Merle Corgi Gained Popularity

The Corgi originally gained popularity in Wales simply because of their versatility and usefulness on the farm. Corgis were small enough to hunt rodents but determined and intelligent enough to herd larger animals like cattle.

They were extremely prevalent on farms during the 1850s, but they eventually fell out of favor. This largely comes down to the fact that Welsh farmers switched to raising sheep, and they needed dogs with longer legs to herd them.

Border Collies replace the Corgi on farms throughout Wales, although you can still find some Corgis on farms in the United Kingdom today. But for the most part, modern Corgis are show and companion dogs instead of the farming dogs they once were.

Formal Recognition of the Blue Merle Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the earliest recognized dog breeds by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The AKC was formed in 1884, and in 1934, they officially recognized the Pembroke Welsh Corgi as a breed, and in 1935, they recognized the Cardigan Welsh Corgi as a breed.

The blue merle color marking is an officially recognized color pattern for the breed, although it does have white markings throughout as well. There are also plenty of markings that come standard with the breed, so there’s really a lot of variety to pick from, even if you already know you want a blue merle Corgi!

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-03

Top 5 Unique Facts About the Blue Merle Corgi

There are plenty of interesting facts out there about the blue merle Corgi, we just picked five of our favorites for you here!

1. There Are Two Distinct Corgi Breeds

If you’re an avid Corgi follower, you already know that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are two distinct breeds. But when you’re talking about a “Corgi”, you really could be talking about either one.

2. Corgis Come From Wales

Corgis were farming dogs from the southern portion of Wales. Pembroke Welsh Corgis came from the southern portion of Wales, while the cardigan Welsh Corgi came from the more northern region.

Purebred blue merle cardigan welsh corgi puppy
Image By: Creative Cat Studio, Shutterstock

3. Merle Corgis Are Expensive and Rare

While it’s certainly possible to find merle Corgis, it’s one of the rarer color patterns. Because of this, you can expect to spend anywhere from $1,000 to $5,000 to get a blue merle Corgi puppy.

4. Corgis Were Once Rodent Control Dogs

Corgis were certainly hunting and working dogs in the past, and their primary prey on farms were rodents. So, while cats usually get all the credit for taking care of rodents, Corgis used to help too!

Blue merle corgi with big ears
Image By: evrymmnt, Shutterstock

5. Corgis Used to Herd Cattle

While Corgis used to help take out smaller animals like mice and rats, they also used to help with the big ones. Farmers used teams of Corgis to help herd cattle, making these small dogs extremely useful farm additions simply for their versatility.

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-03

Does the Blue Merle Corgi Make a Good Pet?

The blue merle Corgi acts just like any other Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and they make phenomenal pets. These dogs are extremely affectionate and personable, and they typically do extremely well with other dog breeds.

They do have herding instincts, so you might need to be careful with other small pets or children in the home, but with a little training and persistence, you can usually train your pup to avoid herding people and animals they shouldn’t.

Finally, while the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an extremely affectionate and lovable breed, they usually aren’t too needy. They’ll want attention, but they shouldn’t need nonstop attention like many other breeds.

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-01-TEST

Closing Thoughts

One thing is for sure: if you’re looking to get a blue Merle Corgi, you’re going to get an adorable dog. They have a unique color marking that has people swooning over them, but part of their appeal is the rich history they come with, too.

Now that you know a little more about them, you can appreciate everything that they offer and the unique quirks that come with their personalities.

See Also:

Featured Image Credit: Grisha Bruev, Shutterstock

Get Dogster in your inbox!

Stay informed! Get tips and exclusive deals.
Dogster Editors Choice Badge
Shopping Cart


© Pangolia Pte. Ltd. All rights reserved.