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Why Do Dogs Pull on Their Leash? 3 Vet-Reviewed Reasons & How to Stop It

Written by: Chris Dinesen Rogers

Last Updated on June 25, 2024 by Dogster Team

rottweiler pulling hard on leash

Why Do Dogs Pull on Their Leash? 3 Vet-Reviewed Reasons & How to Stop It

VET APPROVED

Dr. Lauren Demos  Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Lauren Demos

DVM (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

If you’re on this page, you might have found yourself in a situation where your dog is anxious to go on their daily walk, yet it ends up being a tug-of-war between the two of you. You want to go on a leisurely stroll, but your pet wants to race to the end of the corner or at least to their canine best friend down the street. Teaching your pooch leash manners is essential, and it’s not just about making the walks more enjoyable; it’s also a matter of proper training.

Your dog must obey you while walking to prevent jumping on people or rushing into a meeting with a new canine friend. Pulling shouldn’t be part of the mix, and understanding this unwanted behavior can provide valuable insights into curtailing it. So, why exactly does your dog pull on their leash? There are actually a few potential reasons.

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The 3 Common Reasons for the Pulling

Being on a leash isn’t instinctive for dogs, and their inclination is to run. After all, they share a common ancestry with wolves that were predatory hunters. Your pup’s pulling on their leash is seemingly normal from their perspective. One reason your pet may act this way is because they don’t know otherwise and they weren’t trained to avoid pulling. In other words, they’re dogs and they want to get going! However, there are some other factors that contribute to this.

1. Different Walking and Running Speeds

Canines are fast animals and can far outrun humans. The Greyhound is the top dog, reaching speeds up to 45 mph. It’s not just because they are long-legged, either. Even a Jack Russel Terrier can kick up their heels at 25 mph. That’s quicker than the highest speed recorded for a person by Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt, coming in at 23.35 mph.

Think of how you feel walking behind someone going slow or driving behind someone going below the speed limit. You’re probably feeling antsy and looking for a way to get around the slowpoke. It’s not much different for your pup. The chances are that going outside is a treat for them, and the first thing your pet wants to do is stretch their legs and get a move on!

big dog pulling on leash in forest
Image Credit: encierro, Shutterstock

2. Learned Behavior

Dogs are intelligent animals, so it won’t take long for them to figure out that pulling gets them to something interesting faster. They repeat the unwanted behavior because it works. Someone may pick up their speed in response to the pup pulling, or they may let go of the leash so the dog can reach whatever attracted their attention in the first place. However, we don’t encourage either of these, as it’s really best to get the leash pulling under control.


3. They Can’t Contain Their Excitement

Going outside offers many mental health benefits for your dog. It’s something new and provides enrichment. Why wouldn’t they want to hurry up and explore? Remember that canines have the emotional capacity of a 2.5-year-old child 1. They feel excitement and joy while going for a walk. The trick is to make staying at your side more enticing. An excellent motivator is treats.

We recommend reserving treats as training aids. Most dogs are food-motivated, and saving them for walks or other lessons gives them a potent reason to pay attention to you and not the distractions around them. That means less pulling and doing a better job at heeling. Your praise also works. Our pets are eager to please, so a few words from you can make a greater impression and keep your pup at your side.

dog tugging at its leash
Image Credit: Brian Tan, Shutterstock

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How to Stop the Pulling

Stopping the unwanted behavior isn’t just about making walks more enjoyable; it’s also for your pet’s benefit. Tugging on your dog’s leash can hurt a small pup, especially if the lead is attached to a collar. Pulling puts a lot of stress on the animal’s neck and could potentially injure them. The other concern rests with another association your dog may make with this scenario.

Jerking back on the leash can hurt if done forcefully. Your pooch may learn to make an unpleasant association between the act and other people or dogs you’re trying to separate. That can make walks not as much fun for them if they begin to relate it to pain and harsh words as you reprimand them. It should always be something good since it’s bonding time for you both.

No-Pull Harnesses

One way to curb the pulling is to swap out the collar for a no-pull harness. These products go around your dog’s front and snap at the center of their chest in a D-ring for the leash. This setup forces your pooch to walk alongside you. Otherwise, the position of the attachment leads the dog to the side instead of forward, making it challenging for your pet to move forward.

The other advantage of a no-pull harness is that it takes the pressure off your pup’s neck and distributes it across the front of their body. Some products have padding to make them even more comfortable for your pet.

Young pit bull terrier dog in no pull harness on the river shore
Image Credit: marekuliasz, Shutterstock

A Clicker and Treats

An excellent way to teach your dog to heel involves using treats and a clicker. The goal is for your pup to associate the sound and your command with a treat. Have your pet come to your side by saying, “Heel,” and pointing to your side. Reinforce the action with the clicker and a reward as you walk forward. Repeat the lesson, eventually dropping the verbal command.

Once your dog responds appropriately, challenge your pet by walking faster. Rinse and repeat often to make the association between the command, clicker, and treat stick.

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Final Thoughts

Pulling on the leash makes walks unpleasant for you and your pet. It’s a distraction to enjoying the time outside and having new experiences. Heeling doesn’t come naturally to dogs, and you have to teach them that it’s the expected behavior when on the lead. Luckily, food-motivated pups make it easy so that you can help them make a positive association with the act.


Featured Image Credit: Ziga13, Shutterstock

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