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What to Do If Your Dog Gets Off-Leash: 12 Vet-Approved Tips

Written by: Chelsie Fraser

Last Updated on May 21, 2024 by Dogster Team

pet dog running away from home

What to Do If Your Dog Gets Off-Leash: 12 Vet-Approved Tips


Dr. Marta Vidal-Abarca Photo


Dr. Marta Vidal-Abarca


The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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It’s every owner’s worst nightmare! Your dog slips under the back fence and takes off, or they lock onto a squirrel at the off-leash park, and you can’t call them back. Despite your best efforts, accidents do happen. Hopefully, you never need the tips in this article, but just in case, it’s a good idea to know what to do if your dog gets away from you off-leash.

Take these tips into account if your dog is in sight or if your dog is not in sight at the moment he gets off-leash.

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Effective Methods of Retrieving an Off-Leash Dog

If Your Dog Is in Sight

1. Use a Lure

Getting your dog to focus on you instead of whatever they are chasing is an effective way to get your dog back. Using a favorite toy, ball, or treat, entice your dog back to you using a calm voice to distract them.

black and white dog holding up its toy in its mouth
Image Credit: Jesper Brouwers, Unsplash

2. Play a Reverse Chasing Game

Chasing your dog won’t work, but getting your dog to chase you might. If you can get your dog excited about running after you, they may forget that they were trying to run away in the first place.

3. Use a Cheerful, Calm Voice

Your tone of voice is critical when recalling your dog. Using a cheerful, calm voice will tell your dog that they’re not in trouble. Harsh tones may suggest to your dog that they should be fearful, which can cause them to distance themselves more.

golden retriever dog running in the meadow
Image Credit: bililee, Pixabay

4. Walk Backward

While facing your dog, walk backward. It encourages the dog to follow you. You can combine this exercise with holding a toy or treats to make it more likely that your dog will come to you.

5. Whistle

Some dogs respond better to a whistle than a voice command. The high-pitched noise piques their curiosity, so they move toward it.

mixed breed dog sitting at the grassfield
Image Credit: Salofoto, Pixabay

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If Your Dog Is Not in Sight

6. Don’t Panic

If you have no idea where your dog is, it’s time to get organized. As terrifying as the situation can be, it’s best approached logically. Start close to home. Notify your neighbors so they can continue to spread the word. Try to keep track of whom you have notified and any sightings of your dog so you can narrow down your search.

7. Make Use of Technology

Social media is a great way to spread news quickly. Use an updated picture of your dog, and post it on as many platforms as possible. Make your posts shareable so others can pass on the alert. This is the best way to get as many eyes looking for your dog as you can. The more people who are looking, the more likely your dog will be spotted. Post in local groups too, as this will help spread the word to people beyond those who live in your local area.

You may also want to make use of other online resources, like “Lost My Doggie” or “Pawboost.” These sites have free options to increase awareness of lost pets in your community. Many animal rescues and veterinarians’ offices also have methods of posting lost pets.

Woman holding mobile phone
Image Credit: Unsplash

8. Update Your Dog’s Microchip Information

If you haven’t already done so, make sure the address and phone number registered with your dog’s microchip are updated in their database. Most people who find a lost dog will take them to a shelter or a vet. The staff will scan for a chip upon receiving your dog, so be sure they can contact you

It’s also a good idea to contact your microchip database and let them know that you are looking for your dog in case someone tries to change your dog’s chip details. Make sure you inform them once you reunite with your dog.

9. Create a Scent Station

Dogs that are truly lost will go into tracking mode. This means they start to operate by relying more on smell than on sight or hearing. Using familiar scents offers a chance to lure your dog home. A “scent station” is a collection of items with strong and familiar smells that will attract your dog.

Here is what to include:
  • Familiar items — These are things like blankets, clothing that you have worn (even dirty laundry), etc.
  • Food set on the ground — Even if a wild animal eats the food, the scent will be left behind.
  • Smelly food — Use meats like hot dogs smothered in liquid smoke, fish, or raw meat. Even if you don’t usually feed them these things, they will be very enticing for a hungry dog.

Place these things in your yard, and replenish this scent station frequently to keep it smelly.

A dog sniffing a scent
Image Credit: Pawtraits, Shutterstock

10. Make Flyers

Use a picture, a phone number, and brief details like, “Please call but don’t approach,” or, “His name is Buddy and he’s very friendly.”

Here is where to post your flyers:
  • Light poles
  • Dog parks
  • Community bulletin boards
  • Veterinary offices
  • Mailboxes

11. Create Search Parties

Gathering friends and family to look for your pet can be quite helpful. However, there are a few dos and don’ts for organizing a search party.

  • Look everywhere, including hiding spots.
  • Use social media.
  • Verify all reported sightings with photographs.
  • Encourage search party members to carry a photo of your dog to show people nearby.
  • Run around yelling your dog’s name.
  • Offer large monetary rewards; it tends to lead to fraudulent reports.

12. Alert Animal Rescues

Most people will help any lost animal that they encounter by trying to find the owner. The first place that your dog will be taken is a local animal rescue or vet’s office, as these locations have better resources to track down owners and scan microchips. Your dog will also be warm, fed, and watered while they are there.

If your dog is lost, be proactive about letting local vets and animal shelters know. Give them your contact number and a description of your dog so they can call you if and when your dog shows up.

Stray dog running in the water on the flooded sidewalk
Image Credit: OlegD, Shutterstock

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What Not to Do If Your Dog Gets Off-Leash

When a dog takes off, many people panic. Unfortunately, our best intentions often lead us to behaviors that have the opposite effect of what we want. Here are the least effective methods of retrieving your dog:

1. Shouting

When a dog takes off, we often react by trying to call their name louder. The farther the dog goes, the louder we shout, but it only makes the problem worse.

Here is why shouting is ineffective at calling your dog back:
  • Dogs pay more attention to calm voices. When you shout, they think that you’re angry and will stay away.
  • Dogs don’t understand what you’re saying, but how you say it. A strong tone indicates to them that they should stay away.

2. Chasing

Dogs love to chase things, and it’s often the reason that they take off in the first place. Also, it’s not just fun to chase things; it’s also really fun to get chased by something else. When you chase after your dog, you turn it into a game. Your dog doesn’t know that you’re trying to catch them, so they keep running. The issue is that most dogs can run far longer and farther than you can.

3. Repeating Commands

While it’s tempting to keep repeating, “Fido, come,” over and over again in an attempt to get your dog to listen, it won’t work. Not only does it set you up for bad habits in the future, but it also confuses your dog.

Your dog may understand the “come” command, but you most likely taught them to obey it the first time that you say it. If you’ve now said it five times, your dog doesn’t know whether they should obey the first time, the third, or the fifth. The more you say it, the more likely you are to be ignored.

If your dog isn’t fully trained in recall, don’t use the command without the ability to force obedience. This means plenty of practice on a long leash before using the “come” command in an off-leash situation.

a silky wire-haired dachshund dog sitting on grass
Image Credit: Marek Walica, Shutterstock

4. Threatening

When your dog runs away, it’s frustrating and scary. This often leads to threats, like, “You won’t get your treat when you get home,” or, “We’re never walking off-leash again.” These statements are a waste of energy. They make sense to you but not to your dog, and they’ll have no idea why they didn’t get their treat.

5. Going Home

If you don’t know where your dog went, it can be tempting to return home and hope for the best. After all, doesn’t your dog know how to get there? By all means, tell a neighbor to keep an eye out in case this happens, but your dog is most likely going to look for you wherever they left you.

Image Credit: Frauke Riether, Pixabay

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What to Do When You Find Your Dog

Finding your dog is a reason for celebration, but there are a few other things to do once they come home:

  • Book a vet visit to make sure your dog is illness free and uninjured.
  • Collect any scent items and flyers that you distributed, and delete social media posts.
  • Contact organizations that you previously alerted, and let them know that you have found your dog.

Prevent Your Dog From Getting Off-Leash

According to a 2012 study, 14% of dogs might go missing at least once during a 5-year time period. Having a solid prevention plan in place will help you bring your dog home safely.

  • Work on recall — If your dog is prone to getting off-leash, training a reliable recall is key. It will prevent your dog from running off. Practice often, and make sure to regularly reward your dog for coming when called.
  • Keep your dog leashed — The easiest way to prevent your dog from being able to escape is to keep them on a leash when they’re not secured in a fenced area.
  • Train your dog not to run out open doors — If your dog likes to run outside, give them an alternative activity, and reward them for staying in.

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Hopefully, you now have a good idea of what to do if your dog gets off-leash. These are the best and worst ways of getting your dog back, so you can avoid common mistakes and bring your pet home as soon as possible. Avoid letting your dog off-leash if they don’t have a reliable recall, and, of course, make sure your dog has a microchip and an ID tag. The training takes time, but it’s worthwhile and allows you to spend one-on-one bonding time with your dog!

Featured Image Credit: Oscity, Shutterstock

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