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10 Common Doberman Colors (with Pictures)

Written by: Jordyn Alger

Last Updated on April 25, 2024 by Dogster Team

doberman dog in late autumn

10 Common Doberman Colors (with Pictures)

Are you thinking about adding a Doberman to your household? They are known for being loyal, affectionate, and fearless, making them an excellent choice for a family pet.

As you are researching Dobermans, you may see some pictures of differently colored Dobermans. It may have made you think about the color you would like your Doberman to be. But what are all of the options available to you?

This article covers the 10 most common Doberman colors, as well as whether or not they fit in the breed standard.

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The 10 Common Doberman Colors

1. Black and Rust

Doberman sitting on flowers
Image Credit: Yama Zsuzsanna Márkus, Pixabay
Breed Standard Color Yes

Black and rust Dobermans are the traditional color combination of most Dobermans that you will see. It’s the color that is typically portrayed on television and other media. Black and rust will also be the easiest to find, likely making this option cheaper when it comes to adopting or breeding.

2. Red and Rust

red and rust doberman pinscher dog in the mountain
Image Credit: rayemond, Pixabay
Breed Standard Color Yes

Red and rust Dobermans are also sometimes referred to as chocolate Dobermans. The rusty color can appear redder or browner in different lighting, leading to the chocolate reference.

Though it is less common than the black and rust Doberman, the red and rust Doberman is still easy to find. They are considered a part of the breed standard, and locating a breeder should not be a problem.

3. Blue and Rust

blue grey doberman puppy lying down in shade and shadows
Image Credit: Melissa Lewallen, Shutterstock
Breed Standard Color Yes

Dobermans in blue and rust colors are rarer than some other color combinations. Although the blue and rust coloration is accepted in the American breed standard, it is disqualified by European breed standards. Likewise, some American dog shows do not accept the blue and rust Doberman, making them a bit rarer than the more readily accepted colors.

Although they are called blue and rust, some may consider this dog to be silver, charcoal, or even purple.

4. Fawn and Rust

Breed Standard Color Yes

If you have found a fawn and rust Doberman, consider yourself lucky. These Dobermans are the least common of the accepted breed standard colors.

Like the blue and rust Doberman, the fawn and rust Doberman is not accepted in Europe. Some dog shows may disqualify a fawn and rust Doberman due to the unusual color.

5. Melanistic Black

Breed Standard Color No

The melanistic black Doberman is the first of the Doberman colors that’s rejected as a breed standard. This is because the dogs are entirely black with no rust accents, which is a standard requirement.

The melanistic color is caused by a rare genetic combination, making the Dobermans scarce. That, combined with the fact that they are disqualified from breed standards, makes them a difficult dog to get a hold of.

6. Melanistic Red

Breed Standard Color No

Melanistic red Dobermans are incredibly rare. They are so rare that some claim they are an example of crossbreeding rather than a result of pure Doberman breeding.

Due to their rarity, these dogs will tend to be more expensive than the more conventional Dobermans. They may also be at a higher risk for inbreeding, as some irresponsible breeders may prioritize the melanistic red gene over health.

7. Melanistic Blue

Breed Standard Color No

When a Doberman has an over-production of melanin and an overproduction of color dilution, the melanistic blue Doberman is born. These Dobermans are essentially melanistic black Dobermans whose color has faded.

Like the other melanistic Dobermans on this list, the melanistic blue is incredibly rare, expensive, and at risk for inbreeding.

8. Melanistic Fawn

Breed Standard Color No

Melanistic fawn Dobermans are lightly colored dogs that are often compared to the color of deer. As expected, they are incredibly rare and costly.

It is similar to the melanistic blue Doberman but is a melanistic red Doberman with a diluted color. They are also not considered a part of the breed standard.

9. White

Breed Standard Color No

White Dobermans, also known as cream or ivory Dobermans, are partially albino. They still produce some pigmentation, preventing them from being fully albino, but the limited pigmentation removes most of their color.

The white Doberman is controversial. Some believe intentionally breeding a white Doberman is unethical, as it has potential health risks. White Dobermans often have eyesight problems and increased sensitivity. It is recommended that all white Doberman owners do a thorough health check of their dogs regularly.

10. Albino

Two albino doberman on leashes
Two albino doberman on leashes (Image Credit: maxually, Flickr CC-BY-NC 2.0
Breed Standard Color No

Albino Dobermans have no pigmentation whatsoever. The easiest way to determine a white Doberman from an albino Doberman would be to look in its eyes. White Dobermans have blue eyes, whereas a fully albino Doberman has pink eyes.

However, no fully albino Dobermans have been known to exist. Theoretically, they are a genetic possibility, but none have ever been recorded. Any health issues that the white Doberman may have will undoubtedly be in the albino Doberman as well.



Dobermans are majestic, awe-inspiring dogs, and the variety of colors they can be found in only adds to their beauty. When on the hunt for a new puppy, it’s important to research your options and search for an ethical breeder to ensure your pet’s best quality of life. Doing so will ensure that your Doberman can live the happiest life possible.

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Featured Image Credit: elis aksenova, Shutterstock

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