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German Shorthaired Pointer

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 55 - 70 pounds
  • Height: 23 to 25 inches

German Shorthaired Pointers have a beautifully balanced shape, sharp and muscular and tight-skinned. Their sleek heads have long muzzles, keen almond-shaped eyes and broad ears that hang close to the cheek. They have long, lean necks that slope down to deep chests, strong backs and muscular legs. Their thick tails, usually docked, are held high and straight. They have short, rough coats that come in liver, liver roan or various patterns of liver & white. Overall, the German Shorthaired Pointer combines elegance with power.


  • Friendly and outgoing
  • Loyal and dependable
  • Intelligent
  • Eager to please
  • Hard-working

Ideal Human Companion

  • Active Singles
  • Families
  • Suburbanites
  • Outdoorsy types

What They Are Like to Live With

Prized by German hunters for their adaptability to the field as well as the home, German Shorthaired Pointers have loving, active and good-natured personalities. They get along famously with the whole family—including children and other pets—and have eager-to-please, can-do attitudes. German Shorthaired Pointers are also eager to learn, being intelligent and cooperative enough to grasp the most complicated commands. And their protective instincts are rock-solid, making them dependable but calm watchdogs.

Being high-energy canines, German Shorthaired Pointers make excellent jogging and running partners. They can even keep up with a bike. Always remember to walk them on a leash, however, since their hunting instincts are very strong.

Things You Should Know

Needing lots of exercise and room to run, German Shorthaired Pointers might not be the best apartment dogs. To stay physically and mentally fit, they need large back yards and vigorous daily walks. Even with a yard or field to keep them busy, German Shorthaired Pointers should not be left alone for hours on end. They are people-oriented dogs and thrive on companionship. Involve them in family picnics, hikes and trips to the beach, and they will reward you with lots of good-natured fun.

A healthy German Shorthaired Pointer can live as long as 15 years. Common health issues include hip dysplasia, epilepsy and eye diseases. They are very easy to groom, only needing occasional brushing and bathing. Another thing to remember: German Shorthaired Pointers can really put away the food. To prevent weight gain, make sure the portions match their activity level.

German Shorthaired Pointer History

Bred from various hunting dogs including the English Foxhound and the Old Spanish Pointer, the German Shorthaired Pointer combined all the qualities a German hunter could ask for: pointing, retrieving and tracking across land and water. With a keen sense of smell, a dependable intelligence and an outgoing personality, German Shorthaired Pointers were ideal for the casual sportsmen who wanted a family-oriented companion as well. Eventually, German breeders added English Pointers to the mix, giving the breed a sleek, handsome shape.