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Can Dog Food Cause Ear Infections? Vet-Reviewed Facts & FAQ

Written by: Ashley Bates

Last Updated on May 24, 2024 by Dogster Team

ear infection on dog

Can Dog Food Cause Ear Infections? Vet-Reviewed Facts & FAQ

VET APPROVED

Dr. Paola Cuevas Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Paola Cuevas

Veterinarian, MVZ

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

Dogs, just like humans, can suffer from ear infections. Your dog might never have one, or they may get them routinely. If you find that your dog is getting frequent ear infections, you’re probably looking for the trigger.

If you’re wondering if food can contribute, the answer is yes, absolutely. In many aspects, food controls how the body functions, and when things are out of whack, many symptoms can appear. Let’s explain how it works and what you can do to protect your dog from ear infections.

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What Are Ear Infections?

There are three areas ear infections occur—outer, middle, and inner. Outer ear infections are the most common, though all can be caused by an unhealthy amount of yeast, bacteria, or fungi building up in the ear’s outer portion.

When this buildup occurs, it triggers overgrowth in the ears, irritating the areas throughout. You might notice your dog acting differently or smell the infection. Yeast has a particular sort of foul odor that is a telltale sign.

Some common symptoms of ear infections in dogs include:
  • Ear discharge
  • Pawing at the ear
  • Odor
  • Redness or irritation

They are pretty easy to detect, especially if you know what you’re looking for. Ear infections almost always require veterinary attention. Antibiotics usually work to treat bacterial infections, but other agents such as yeast might be the cause of the infection and need a different treatment. Routine care at home is recommended.

Make sure to keep your dog’s ears dry and clean. Use any cleaners, drops, or topical ointments your vet suggests.

Dog Food & Ear Infections: What’s the Connection?

Allergies irritate several areas of the body, but a huge one is the skin. You might not just notice gross buildup and gunk in the ears but also body irritation. Dog food is a very common culprit to recurring ear infections when the underlying trigger is a food allergy.

Symptoms of an underlying food allergy include:
  • Itchy skin, paws, and ears
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Licking
  • Scratching
  • Weight loss
  • Face rubbing
  • Redness
  • Head shaking

You might not have connected the dots quite yet, but have your dogs been experiencing a few of these symptoms in addition to ear infections? Yes, food allergies can cause all kinds of outward and inward effects.

dog scratching in bed
Image By: Zivica Kerkez

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Common Allergy Triggers in Commercial Dog Food

Thanks to science, nutritionists and researchers have uncovered the main offenders in dog food. Let’s go over each one.

Protein

Protein is, unfortunately, a common allergy trigger for allergy sufferers (the most common, in fact)—particularly frequently seen in meat like chicken, beef, and fish.

Often, hydrolyzed or novel protein dog foods aid in digestion and nourish the body. Novel proteins use a new protein source that has never been introduced to your dog’s system before. Hydrolyzed proteins are broken down into microscopic bits so they can essentially bypass the system.

Dairy

Dairy, more specifically, lactose, is another huge trigger for dogs. A big telltale sign that your dog has a dairy allergy is itchy skin and rashes. Believe it or not, there is a difference between lactose allergy and lactose intolerance.

Lactose intolerance is linked more to gastrointestinal upset versus skin irritation. So, if dairy is causing recurring ear infections, it is usually linked more to the allergy than the intolerance.

Gluten

Gluten is not nearly as triggering as dog food companies would lead you to believe. In fact, it makes up only a small percentage of dog food allergies in total. But rather than ear infections, gluten allergies usually present with diarrhea, loose stool, mucous in stool, gas, and other gastrointestinal symptoms.

To combat these types of allergies, dogs often undergo a series of food trials to eliminate different ingredients. It can take weeks, months, or even years to uncover the cause. After so long, the culprit should reveal itself.

Just because these are the most prevalent allergy triggers, it doesn’t mean they are the only ones. Dogs, like us, can be allergic to just about anything.

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Do Ear Infections Have an Odor?

Usually, most people can agree that skin and ear infections have a musty, unpleasant, distinct odor. Often, ear infections don’t come alone. Dogs can also get skin yeast infections—and you’ll know it.

owner cleaning his dog ears
Image By: Yavdat, Shutterstock

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Recurrent Ear Infections: Alternate Causes

There are some alternatives, too. It doesn’t always point to food allergies. If you haven’t been to the vet, don’t put all your energy into one idea. There could be other explanations. Here are a few.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacterial Infections

If you have noticed that your dog is getting recurring yeast infections after a series of antibiotics, they could be developing resistance. It isn’t uncommon to see this these days, as studies are proving.

Environmental Allergens

Your dog’s environment plays a huge role in potential ear infections. If your dog is allergic to something in their environment, symptoms might manifest similar to food allergies.

dog scratching
Image Credit: schubbel, Shutterstock

Systemic Diseases

Your dog might have an underlying disease or illness such as hypothyroidism. If you have an older pet, it is much more common as they start advancing in age.

Parasites

If your dog has parasites in its ears, it can lead to infection quickly. Ear mites are the typical culprit.

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Conclusion

As you can see, dog food can definitely be the culprit for your dog’s ear infections. However, it could have other reasons as well. That is why it is so important to go over any symptoms or changes with your veterinarian. Together, the appropriate testing could be done to uncover the underlying cause.

If your dog is suffering from recurring ear infections, it isn’t normal—no matter the reason. So, make sure to seek proper treatment.

See also:

Sources
 

Featured Image Credit: dawi88888, Shutterstock

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