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Do Dogs Need Sunscreen? Vet Approved Advice & Safety Tips

Written by: Chantelle Fowler

Last Updated on May 28, 2024 by Dogster Team

Great Dane puppy at the beach

Do Dogs Need Sunscreen? Vet Approved Advice & Safety Tips

VET APPROVED

Dr. Karyn Kanowski Photo

REVIEWED & FACT-CHECKED BY

Dr. Karyn Kanowski

BVSc MRCVS (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

Learn more »

If you’re feeling fed up with winter, you might be dreaming of afternoons on the beach with your pup or playing fetch at the dog park. Everyone knows that any outdoor adventure should be accompanied by sunscreen to protect our sensitive skin and prevent skin cancer, but what about our four-legged pals? Do they also need sunscreen when spending time outdoors?

While sunscreen isn’t an essential item for every dog, there are some that are particularly sensitive to sun damage and need sunscreen as much as we do. Read on to learn more.

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Can Dogs Get Sunburned?

Yes, dogs can get sunburned when they spend too much time outside in the sun without sunscreen and adequate access to shade1. Harmful UV rays don’t need much time to damage skin cells—often less than an hour when UV levels are high. It’s also important to note that sunburn can happen any time of the year, though it is most often associated with summertime.

You and your pup can get burned anywhere and anytime the sun exposure is high, including visiting or living in high-altitude locations. Exposure to skin-damaging UV rays is higher in mountainous regions than on tropical beaches. The sun’s UV radiation increases with elevation because there is less atmosphere to absorb the radiation.

Dog sunbathing on the grass
Image Credit: Jaromir Chalabala, Shutterstock

Are Some Dogs More Likely to Get Sunburned?

All dogs can get sunburned, but those with light skin and thin or white fur are more at risk2. This includes breeds like Bull Terriers, Whippets, and Dalmatians. Some breeds, such as the Xoloitzcuintli (aka Mexican Hairless), Chinese Crested, and the American Hairless Terrier, are particularly prone to sunburn because they have little to no fur to add protection.

But even pups with thick coats can get a burn, especially if they’re in the middle of a seasonal shed or suffering from a health condition that affects the density of their fur. Additionally, some areas of the body are more prone to burning, particularly those without much hair or fur, and many dogs love to lie sprawled on their backs as they sunbathe, exposing their pink bellies to the sun.

What’s the Best Sunscreen for Dogs?

You need to find sunscreen specifically formulated for dogs. Those designed for humans contain ingredients that may be toxic to dogs if ingested. Even those that claim to be “safe for dogs” could contain unsafe ingredients because the FDA doesn’t regulate those products. Always look at the ingredient list before buying to ensure they don’t contain zinc or titanium oxide.

Sunscreens for dogs are often sprays, making them easier to apply than sticky creams. If you need to apply sunscreen only to small areas of your pup’s body (e.g., nose or ears), sun balms made for dogs are great.

If you have a dog with a thin coat (or no coat), consider investing in a shirt that offers UV protection. This is a simpler alternative to covering the entire body with sunscreen.

dog in the park at sunset. Clumber spaniel in nature in the grass in summer
Image Credit: dezy, Shutterstock

How to Apply Sunscreen

As with most products designed for our skin, it’s best to test out your dog’s sunscreen in a small area of your pet’s body before your first outing where you need the sunscreen. Doing a test run will allow you to gauge your dog’s reaction to the cream or spray and see if it causes a reaction. The last thing you want to do is apply sunscreen to your pet when you’re setting up for a day at the beach, only to find out your dog is allergic to it.

Take care when applying the cream or using the spray near your dog’s face to avoid getting it in their eyes. The cream will take several minutes to “soak in,” so keep your eye on your pup to ensure they’re not licking at it.

What Are the Risks of Sun Exposure?

Animals can experience the adverse effects of excess sun exposure just like humans. Burns can not only be very painful, but too much sun can cause more severe issues, such as skin cancer. The types of cancer associated with sun exposure in dogs include squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanomas, hemangiomas, and hemangiosarcomas.

Sunburns can also exacerbate your pup’s health conditions, such as dermatitis and autoimmune disorders.

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Final Thoughts

You shouldn’t leave the house for an outdoor adventure without sunscreen in the summer, nor should your pup. Dogs are just as prone to sunburn as we are, and using the right sunscreen can make all the difference. However, providing shade and keeping your dog hydrated in hot weather is also vital. Don’t use products designed for humans; only use sunscreen designed for dogs.


Featured Image Credit: Guy-J.-Sagi, Shut0terstock

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