Pomeranian dog breed
Pomeranian. Photography by Kayla Bertagnolli, as captured at the 2018 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.

Developed originally from larger Spitz breeds, Pomeranians were bred to a smaller size in the Pomerania region of today’s Germany/Poland. Unlike his working Spitz forefathers who hunted, herded and pulled sleds, the Pom was developed for companionship, often basking in the arms of royalty. Queen Victoria had a Pom named Marco from Italy, and her love for Poms contributed to the breed’s popularity. Since the queen had an especially little Pom, the smaller variety became widespread.

Two Pomeranians.
Two Pomeranians. Photography by Dixi/THINKSTOCK.

Living with Pomeranians

Perhaps the historical association with larger breeds explains some of the Pom’s bravery and self-confidence today. The Pom doesn’t look for trouble, nor does he turn tail and run when he finds it.

Faithful companions, Pomeranians are ready for action, preferably with their families. Although affectionate, Poms aren’t typically insecure or overly demanding. To the contrary, many seem to believe they’re invincible. Their inquisitiveness is equally boundless. The agile and lively Pom also may climb amazingly well; families need to build high fences to safely contain them.

Poms are great dogs for city dwellers. Just make sure they get frequent exercise and are stimulated with activities. Many Poms love agility and rally. And since Poms love people and are often overflowing with a positive personality, they make delightful therapy dogs.

Can Pomeranians Live with Other Pets and Children?

Characteristically friendly with other animals, Poms usually do well in households with other dogs — and cats, too — if raised together. Although Poms are great friends for older, respectful children, they may not relish playtimes with rough-and-tumble little children. The breed, like many other breeds, may defend himself if mistreated, so always supervise both child and Pom.

A Pomeranian relaxes on pillows.
A Pomeranian relaxes on pillows. Photography by Koldunov/THINKSTOCK.

Pomeranian Facts

  • Life span: Typically 12 to 15 years
  • Coat: Short, dense undercoat; longer, harsh-textured outer coat
  • Coat care: The Pomeranian’s coat needs only weekly brushing and perhaps a monthly bath.
  • Regular shedding: Shedding is the healthy, natural process that keeps the Pom’s coat fresh and renewed. The Pom, however, isn’t by definition a “heavy shedder” throughout the year.
  • Blowing coat: When Poms blow their coats several times a year, owners will need to get out the brush more often if not daily.
  • Puppy uglies: In the time between the puppy coat and the adult coat, the Pom goes through the “puppy uglies,” losing his puppy coat and developing his adult coat in stages. Sometimes the adult hair comes in first on the face, giving the pup a monkey face.
  • Colors: Many patterns, colors and variations allowed.
  • Weight: Ideally 4 to 6 pounds
  • Breed saying: Curiosity is a form of bravery — Victor Hugo
  • Famous Poms: Two Poms survived the Titanic shipwreck. The dogs’ survival was likely related to size: Their owners carried them onto lifeboats. One surviving Pom was named Lady. A New York clothing magnate owned the other (name unknown) Pom.

Thumbnail: Photography by Tsik/Thinkstock.

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Editor’s note: This article appeared in Dogster magazine. Have you seen the new Dogster print magazine in stores? Or in the waiting room of your vet’s office? Subscribe now to get Dogster magazine delivered straight to you!

11 thoughts on “Pomeranian”

  1. As a proud owner of a Pomeranian bear-faced dog, I can confidently say that this breed is one of the most adorable and loving companions out there. Not only are they incredibly fluffy and cute, but they also have a wonderful personality that is sure to melt anyone's heart.

    One thing that I love about my Pomeranian is their loyalty and affection towards their owners. They are always eager to please and make sure that they are by your side at all times. They are also very intelligent and love to learn new tricks and commands, making them a joy to train.

    Although they may be small in size, Pomeranians are very confident and outgoing, making them great social companions. They love to interact with people and other dogs, and their friendly nature makes them a popular choice for families with children.

    Overall, I would highly recommend the Pomeranian bear-faced dog to anyone looking for a loving and adorable companion. They are sure to bring joy and happiness to your life and quickly become an important member of your family

  2. One of our three dogs is a Pomeranian mix (Pomapoo) and even though he is 12 he is still as spry and playful as a puppy. 🙂 A wonderful loving, and patient dog.

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