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Male vs Female Miniature Schnauzer: The Difference (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on April 12, 2024 by Dogster Team

Male vs Female Miniature Schnauzer

Male vs Female Miniature Schnauzer: The Difference (With Pictures)

The Miniature Schnauzer is a friendly, intelligent, and spirited dog that would make a great addition to a family. These dogs are loyal companions who like to play and be the center of attention. While they are small, they’re tough, muscular, and fearless, without being aggressive.

If you’re interested in getting a Miniature Schnauzer and aren’t sure what gender is best for you, we’re here to help! We’ll cover the key points of the breed as well as both genders so you can decide whether to get a male or female.


Visual Differences

Images By: Left (Male Miniature Schnauzer) Debra Anderson, Shutterstock; Right (Female Miniature Schnauzer) Ekaterina Krivtsova, Shutterstock

Male Miniature Schnauzers tend to be larger than females both in terms of height and weight. The males of this breed tend to be more muscular than their female counterparts. However, since every dog is unique, you could end up with a large muscular female or a smaller male Miniature Schnauzer as you just never know!

At a Glance

Male Miniature Schnauzer
  • Average height (adult): 8–14.1 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 9–20 pounds
Female Miniature Schnauzer
  • Average height (adult): 10–13.4 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 9–18 pounds

Miniature Schnauzer 101

Miniature Schnauzers were bred down from the larger Standard Schnauzers. With their outgoing personalities, portable size, and great overall looks, these stocky and robust little dogs make amazing family pets.

The Miniature Schnauzer stands 10 to 14 inches tall and has a bushy beard and eyebrows, giving it a human-like expression. This dog’s coat is firm and wiry and comes in three basic color patterns: salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black.

This breed originated in Germany where it was created to be a general farm dog and ratter. It’s a robust, tough, and muscular dog that is bright, friendly, and highly trainable. The Miniature Schnauzer can adapt to living in an apartment if it’s given plenty of opportunities to exercise. These dogs get along well with other pets and people of all ages, including young children.

The Miniature Schnauzer is a sturdy little dog that loves nothing more than romping and playing. This is an alert and lively breed that needs a good deal of daily exercise to maintain its mental and physical health. The perfect home for this dog includes an active family that loves spending time outdoors and a fenced yard where the dog can run freely and romp with its human family.

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Male Miniature Schnauzer Overview

black miniature schnauzer
Image Credit: IsabellWolf, Pixabay


The male Miniature Schnauzer is a dog that’s always willing to play. This little guy won’t grow tired of trying new things and having a great time with his human family. The male Miniature Schnauzer is not a moody dog even if he’s tired as this dog is known to be mild-mannered and even-tempered.

If you get a male Miniature Schnauzer, you’ll have a loyal friend for life and a dog that will gladly join you on all your fun adventures as this spirited dog adores having fun!


The male Miniature Schnauzer is a playful dog that gets excited easily, making it challenging for him to stay focused for long. When training a male dog of this breed, you’ll have to be patient and firm to gain this little guy’s attention and respect when teaching him something. It tends to take longer to house train a male Miniature Schnauzer compared to a female and the same holds true for leash training.

The male of this breed is easily distracted and can be stubborn, making training more challenging. It’s never a bad idea to enroll in a dog training course when you have a male Miniature Schnauzer to help ensure your dog learns how to behave appropriately.

13Miniature Schnauzer
Image Credit: joangonzalez, Pixabay

Health & Care

Male Miniature Schnauzers are generally very healthy dogs that live 12–14 years, much like their female counterparts. However, there are some common health issues and diseases these dogs are susceptible to including:

  • Dental problems
  • Cataracts
  • Skin conditions
  • Pancreatitis
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Heart disease

When you own a male Miniature Schnauzer, taking good care of him is key to helping him live a long and happy life. On top of feeding him high-quality dog food, you need to take your pet to the vet for routine checkups now and then. It’s your responsibility to keep your dog’s teeth in good condition by brushing them every couple of days using a doggie toothbrush and toothpaste.

You also must groom your dog regularly which includes trimming his fur and clipping his nails.

  • Playful
  • Friendly
  • May be challenging to train
  • Is a dependent breed that’s somewhat clingy


Female Miniature Schnauzer Overview

Image Credit: Grigorita Ko, Shutterstock


The female Miniature Schnauzer is more apt to be territorial than a male and a bit more aggressive when it comes to defending her territory. With this being said, a female Miniature Schnauzer won’t typically be aggressive toward a male dog but will engage in a fight with another female if she feels threatened.

Like the males of this breed, female Miniature Schnauzers are playful and loyal dogs. A female will do well in a family setting and be loving, affectionate, and playful to every member of her human family and even get along well with other pets.

A female Miniature Schnauzer is a bit more independent than a male and a dog that enjoys spending some time alone just being a dog. However, a female does enjoy being close to her favorite people and won’t ever turn down a chance to get outside and play long and hard with anyone willing to toss a ball in the yard or run a few laps around the garden.


Considering that female Miniature Schnauzers have an independent streak, this dog may be challenging to train. However, as far as house training goes, a female generally becomes housebroken faster than a male because the males of this breed are not as focused.

With some persistence and a gentle yet firm hand, it shouldn’t be difficult to train a female Miniature Schnauzer how to walk on a leash or learn some commands. Female Miniature Schnauzers, like their male counterparts, are very eager to please their owners and love getting praise.

Miniature Schnauzer sitting on a blue carpet
Image Credit: Jacek Korzeniewski, Shutterstock

Health & Care

Thankfully, the female Miniature Schnauzer is a relatively healthy dog with a long lifespan. However, like the males of this breed, these small dogs are prone to some health conditions and diseases including:

  • Cushing’s disease
  • Kidney stones
  • Skin conditions
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Heart disease
  • Cataracts

If you own a female Miniature Schnauzer you should feed her good quality dog food and be sure she gets plenty of daily exercise to keep her mind sharp and her body healthy. It’s important to groom your female regularly and take good care of her dental health so she can go through life with a full set of healthy teeth. If you don’t plan on breeding your female, get her spayed as soon as possible as unspayed females run health risks.

Regular grooming is an important task to undertake when you have a female Miniature Schnauzer. Grooming includes brushing your dog regularly and keeping her nails clipped. If you don’t feel comfortable doing the grooming yourself, it should be easy to find a professional groomer in your area to do it for you.

Black Miniature Schnauzer
Image Credit: Katja Rooke, Unsplash


A female Miniature Schnauzer should never be bred before she reaches full maturity. If you have an adult female you’d like to breed, get in touch with an experienced breeder to learn all you can. There are many pros and cons associated with dog breeding and you must have a lot of time available to care for the mother dog and her puppies when they come.

While it’s fun having a mamma dog around with cute little puppies, it takes considerable time and money to be a successful breeder. Educate yourself and keep an open mind when deciding whether to breed your female Miniature Schnauzer.

  • Playful and loyal
  • Bonds well with humans and other pets
  • More territorial than males
  • Can be challenging to train due to their independent streak

Which Is a Better Watchdog?

If having a good watchdog is important to you, you must remember that both male and female Miniature Schnauzers are small dogs. This means that if someone were to intrude on your property, your Miniature Schnauzer may bark to alert you, but it won’t be big enough to fend someone off.

With that being said, both male and female Miniature Schnauzers can make good watchdogs although the females may have the edge because they’re more territorial.divider-dog paw

Which Gender Is Right for You?

Now that you know the basic differences and similarities between male and female Miniature Schnauzers, take some time to think things over. It’s important to know that all dogs are unique, whether they’re females or males and you never know for sure what type of dog a puppy will grow into.

However, some factors can make a big difference in how your dog behaves like its genetic history, early handling, training, and your knowledge and experience as a dog owner. Both Miniature Schnauzers make wonderful pets so decide for yourself if you’ll get a male or a female!

You may also want to read:

Featured Image Credit: Top (Male Miniature Schnauzer) Elena11, Shutterstock; Bottom (Female Miniature Schnauzer) David Rodriguez Diaz, Shutterstock

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