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Male vs Female St. Bernards: What’s The Difference (With Pictures)

Written by: Nicole Cosgrove

Last Updated on April 16, 2024 by Dogster Team

Male vs Female St. Bernards

Male vs Female St. Bernards: What’s The Difference (With Pictures)

The St. Bernard is the epitome of the term gentle giant. Both sexes can reach weights well over 100 pounds, but they are known to be loving and affectionate dogs, traditionally used as rescue dogs. However, while their temperament is friendly and caring, their size does represent certain challenges, and there are some differences between the male and female of the species that might make one more suitable than the other. Read on to see which gender is the best choice for you and your family.

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Visual Differences

Male vs Female St. Bernard - Visual Differences
Image Credit: Left – Kochmarjova, Shutterstock | Right – Artush, Shutterstock

At a Glance

Male St Bernard
  • Average height (adult): 28-30 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 140-180 pounds
Female St Bernard
  • Average height (adult): 26-28 inches
  • Average weight (adult): 120-140 pounds

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-03 St. Bernard Dog Breed 101

Saint Bernard sitting in meadow
Image By: rokopix, Shutterstock

The St. Bernard comes from the Swiss Alps where it was used to rescue stranded Alpine adventurers. Its strength meant that it was capable of moving barriers like fallen trees. Its stamina enabled the Bernard to wade through deep snow for hours on end in search of weary travelers. Its gentle nature meant that, when the huge hound found its targets, it could care for them until help arrived.

Although the St. Bernard is still a working dog in many countries around the world, it has also become popular as a companion dog. The breed has an inherent understanding of its size so rarely causes accidents even around young children. It gets on with strangers and does not usually have a prey drive so is not considered a threat to cats and other family pets.

The size of the breed means that the St. Bernard is not suitable for all owners and potential owners. They are still considered a rare pet breed, despite being instantly recognizable and being a part of popular culture.

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-01-TESTMale Pet Breed Overview

saint bernard and a little goat
Image By: pangrea, Pixabay

Personality / Character

Male St. Bernards are said to have a big heart but are more likely to suffer from wanderlust, so the male of the species is more likely to go missing or disappear, although this obviously isn’t a problem if you ensure good boundaries and fences around your yard. It is very rare for a St. Bernard to be aggressive, but it is more likely with a male than a female.


The male can be more difficult to train. They take longer to pick up new commands and are messier, which also means that they are more difficult to house train or potty train.

Health & Care

The male and female St. Bernard have roughly the same chances of developing illness or poor health. In either case, having your dog spayed or neutered greatly reduces the chances of it developing serious health problems and illnesses later in life.

  • More affectionate
  • More challenging to train
  • Much bigger than the female

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-03 Female Pet Breed Overview

saint bernard outside
Image By: Artush, Shutterstock

Personality / Character

The female St. Bernard is said to be more affectionate with their puppies and the female is less likely to wander looking for a mate. The female is not as daft as the male and is more likely to have a calm head on its shoulders. The female is more nurturing, not only to its own puppies, but potentially also to children in the family.


It is said to be easier to house train a female dog than a male dog, which means that you are less likely to suffer messes and accidents in the home if you have a female St. Bernard. Females pick up new commands quicker than males.

Health & Care

As with males, the most important thing is to ensure that your dog has been neutered. This greatly reduces the chances of developing illnesses.

  • Affectionate with puppies
  • Calmer than males
  • Not as loving as males
Saint bernard in winter
Image By: Rita_Kochmarjova, Shutterstock

Dogster_Website dividers_v1_Jan 18 2024-01-TESTWhich Breed is Right For You?

Other than the physical size difference, there is no real difference between the male and female St. Bernard. Both can be trained effectively and by ensuring that they are neutered at a young age, you can reduce the likelihood of either gender getting ill or suffering any major illness. It was once true that males were more prone to wandering, because they would go looking for a mate, but most owners keep their dogs within the confines of their home and by ensuring that the dog has been spayed or neutered, you can prevent the desire to wander in search of a mate. However, one area where the male and female of this species does differ is in size. The breed is already considered a giant, and it is the male of the species that tends to grow larger and taller, so do take this into account when choosing one over the other.

See also:

Featured Image Credit: Top – GildAix, Pixabay | Bottom – Aneta Jungerova, Shutterstock

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