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Old English Sheepdog: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Written by: Dogster Team

Last Updated on February 9, 2024 by Dogster Team

Rocco the Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog: Info, Pictures, Facts, & Traits

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 60 – 110 pounds (27.22 – 49.90 kg)
  • Height: 20 – 24 inches (50.80 – 60.96 cm)

The Look of an Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdogs have large, square, compact frames covered in shaggy coats. They have large, somewhat square heads covered in fir, flat ears, and large black noses. Their intelligent eyes can be brown, blue or one of each. They have somewhat long necks, short bodies, and big-boned legs. Their tails are usually docked, and their coarse coats are abundant without being too profuse. They usually come in blue, gray, blue or blue merle, with or without white patches. Overall, Old English Sheepdogs have a strong, balanced look.


  • Big and shaggy
  • Loving and devoted
  • Intelligent
  • Dependable
  • Huggable
  • Homebodies

Ideal Human Companion

  • Active Singles
  • Families
  • Outdoorsy types
  • Farmers
old english sheepdog bobtail
Image Credit: Svetlana Valoueva, Shutterstock

What They Are Like to Live With

Old English Sheepdogs bring warmth, affection, and loyalty to any household. They love attention and affection from their families, but they also have an introverted side—some Old English Sheepdogs need a special place in the house where they can recharge.

Though it spent generations herding cows and sheep, the Old English Sheepdog is pretty much a homebody. If you live on a large tract of land, they won’t roam too far. Rather, they’ll stay on the porch or close to the house. If you really want to find your Old English Sheepdog, the best place to look is the couch.

Old English Sheepdogs get along famously with children. Not only are they playful, gentle, and watchful, but they give great hugs. Their shaggy fur and big black noses make them instantly endearing to young and old alike. However, they can definitely break out the barks when someone suspiciously approaches the home. They make very effective (but not particularly frightening) watchdogs.

Things You Should Know

Bred to manage livestock all the livelong day, Old English Sheepdogs need to keep busy and active to maintain a healthy state of mind. Take them on long, daily walks and schedule some time for them to frolic in wide-open spaces. Not the best choice for an apartment companion (though they can and will manage perfectly well in an apartment), these dogs need the elbow room of a medium-sized, fenced yard.

A healthy Old English Sheepdog can live as long as 12 years. Common health issues include hip dysplasia, thyroid problems, and cataracts. If overfed, they can suffer from obesity. Their long, rough coats need regular brushing to prevent matting; however, they don’t shed very much. When it gets hot, some owners may choose to trim their coats.

Old English Sheepdog History

Though no one knows for sure, it’s believed that the Old English Sheepdog originated in western England as a cross between the Bearded Collie and various canines. Others claim that it descended from the Russian Owtchar. Either way, the Old English Sheepdog first appeared in the early 19th century and was used mainly as a herding dog.

Read more about the Old English Sheepdog:  Get to Know the Old English Sheepdog: Gray and White and Frizzed All Over

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