Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintli): Facts, Traits & History

mexican hairless dog
Xoloitzcuintli courtesy Amy Wise
Last Updated on November 23, 2023 by Dogster Team

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 20 – 31 pounds (9.07 – 14.06 kg)
  • Height: 16 – 23 inches (40.64 – 58.42 cm)

The Look of a Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintli)

The Mexican Hairless comes in three sizes: standard, miniature and toy. It can also be found in hairless (more common) and finely coated versions. It comes in a wide range of solid and/or spotted colors including black, brown, gray, slate, brindle, red and fawn. No matter the size, the Mexican Hairless is a compact, hardy canine with a broad head (sometimes with a tuft of hair), bat-like ears and dark eyes. Their long, saber-like tails are usually carried low.


  • Affectionate
  • Reserved with strangers
  • Soft
  • Sensitive
  • Playful
  • Snuggly

Ideal Human Companion

  • Couch potatoes
  • City dwellers
  • Retirees
  • Families

What They Are Like to Live With

The Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced “sho-lo-itz-queent-lee”) is a caring and sensitive pal around the home. Warm, gentle and friendly with family members, the hairless is slightly reserved around strangers. In fact, in a big family the hairless may bond closely with one person. Either way, the Mexican Hairless likes to stay close and comfy: No matter what you’re doing around the house, it will be there at your side. Athletic and vigorous, the Mexican Hairless loves good, long walks and games in the back yard.

Things You Should Know

The Mexican Hairless can live as long as 20 years with relatively few genetic health problems. Some may develop problems with their eyes and teeth. Its skin is durable, but it’s also prone to sunburn, dryness and other forms of irritation. You’ll need to keep some vet-recommended skin creams handy. The Mexican Hairless will also appreciate a sweater during cold-weather walks.

Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintli) History

Named Xoloitzcuintli after a combination of the Aztec god of the underworld (Xolotl) and the Aztec word for dog (Itzcuintli), the Mexican Hairless is believed to be one of North America’s oldest breeds. Believed by the Aztecs to bear magical powers, the Xoloitzcuintli is now considered a perfectly magical household companion.

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