|Barked: Thu May 31, '12 2:39am PST |
The highly contagious equine influenza A virus subtype H3N8 was found to have been the cause of Greyhound race dog fatalities from a respiratory illness at a Florida racetrack in January 2004.
The exposure and transfer apparently occurred at horse racing tracks, where dog racing had also occurred.
This was the first evidence of an influenza A virus causing disease in dogs. However, serum collected from racing Greyhounds between 1984 and 2004 and tested for canine influenza virus (CIV) in 2007 had positive tests going as far back as 1999.
CIV possibly caused some of the respiratory disease outbreaks at tracks between 1999 and 2003.
H3N8 was also responsible for a major dog-flu outbreak in New York state in all breeds of dogs.
From January to May 2005, outbreaks occurred at 20 racetracks in 10 states (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Texas, and West Virginia).
As of August 2006, dog flu has been confirmed in 22 U.S. states, including pet dogs in Wyoming, California, Connecticut, Delaware, and Hawaii.
Three areas in the United States may now be considered endemic for CIV due to continuous waves of cases: New York, southern Florida, and northern Colorado/southern Wyoming.
There is no evidence that the virus can be transferred to people, horses, cats, or other species.
H5N1 (avian influenza) was also shown to cause death in one dog in Thailand, following ingestion of an infected duck
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