Canine Birth Control Allows Pet Parents to Skip the Spay/Neuter Step

 |  Jul 11th 2007  |   0 Contributions


suprelorin.jpg

I have very mixed feelings and thoughts about this device.

Messing with hormones, human or canine, is a tricky business. Can they be sure there won't be permanent damage?

What about people like Tanq's humans who aren't responsible breeders but might want more Tanqs? So they reverse the process and have a litter. Where do those extra puppies go? I'd bet to shelters or individuals who probably won't spay or neuter. So how many litters of shelter puppies end up being born because these people want another little Tanq?

What about dogs who end up in shelters after having this device implanted instead of having a real spay/neuter? If they are purebreds, or look enough like purebreds to pass, they can be adopted by puppy millers and make more puppy mill puppies.

On the other hand, one could say that responsible breeders could use this device on dogs they are unsure they want to show and breed. But I doubt most of these breeders would use it. They are capable of keeping dogs seperated and under control. They would probably be concerned with the risks of messing with hormones and worry that the device might cause irreversible changes or have unforeseen side effects.

In short, I wonder about the real wisdom of this device and the unintended side effects.

Thanks to ABC News for this article.

Birth Control Goes to the Dogs
A New, Reversible Birth Control Option for Dogs May One Day Replace Neutering

By KATHARINE STOEL GAMMON
ABC News Medical Unit
July 11, 2007

Like most responsible dog owners, Crystal Ondo and Edward Wenger took their English bulldog puppy Tanqueray to the vet to get neutered when he was 6 months old.

"It was just really sad," said Ondo, a law student in Boston. "Surgery is just sad in general, and then he came out with the cone on his head. I felt really bad for him."


Tanqueray, or Tanq, is now 3 years old. He is small, puppyish and loved by his owners -- so much so that they wish they could have more of him.

"It would be great to have little Tanqs running around," said Wenger. "I'm not like most guysit was more about his having to go into surgery."

In the future, dog owners who decide they want to breed their dogs later in life may have an option -- a removable contraceptive implant that halts testosterone and sperm production for months at a time.

The best part is it doesn't require the removal of the testicles.

The device, described in the current issue of New Scientist magazine, is called Suprelorin. It is currently available in Australia and New Zealand. Similar to a microchip, it is implanted under the skin between the shoulders.

There it slowly releases deslorelin, a hormone similar to those used to treat human prostate cancer. The hormone prevents the production of sex hormones, and the device biodegrades over time.

But preserving puppy-making potential has its price. Each implant costs between $52 and $77 and must be replaced every six months -- though Peptech, the Australian biotechnology company that makes the device, is now working on a one-year version.

Still, Suprelorin is expected to gain approval for use in the European Union in a matter of weeks, and steps are being taken to enable the drug to be sold in the United States.

Vets Weigh the Options
For some pet owners, especially men, keeping their dog "intact" -- with testicles -- is important.

"You always run into people who have an emotional attachment to their dog's testicles," said Dr. Marty Becker, a veterinarian working in Idaho.

"They think it's their dog's God-given right to have his hairy jewel bag with all the goodies in it."

Men tend to project their manly feelings onto their dogs, but women are more likely to be the caretakers for animals.

"For women, it isn't such a big deal at all," said Dr. Nicholas Dodman, program director of Animal Behavior at Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine. "They're more likely to bring the animal into the vet anyway [for neutering]."

Becker said that since 6 million unwanted dogs and cats lose their lives every year, he consistently advocates spaying and neutering. But the new implant may offer an alternative.

"You can't reverse neutering," he said. "It's the only major surgery most pets ever have. If you have this birth control thing and it gives you the option to wait, that might be a good thing."

The cost of neutering depends on the animal's size, age and the region of the country, but Becker said it averages about $75-$250 -- a onetime cost that usually ends up being a far smaller investment than the implant.

"I can see this device having a place, but for people who are sure they aren't going to breed their animals, it isn't really going to be cost-effective," Becker said.

Other vets question the efficacy of the new implant.

"Neutering is 100 percent effective," said Tufts' Dodman.

"I haven't seen any data on the efficacy of this device. Things that work on the trophic hormone [as this does] are very rarely likely to reach 100 percent efficacy."

More Versions On the Way?
The drug has been used as an alternative to surgical sterilization in female cattle, as well as elephants, lions, cheetahs, monkeys and kangaroos.

Peptech said it is working on a version for cats and female dogs.

Follow this link to read the rest of the article.

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